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Based on its surface temperature of 5,800 K, what color are most of the photons that leave the Sun's surface?
Sunspots are cooler than the surrounding solar surface because
strong magnetic fields slow convection and prevent hot plasma from entering the region.
Suppose you put two protons near each other. Because of the electromagnetic force, the two protons will
repel each other.
How do we know what goes on under the surface of the Sun?
A) We have X-ray images from satellites of the interior of the Sun.
B) Astronomers create mathematical models that use the laws of physics, the Sun's observed composition and mass, and computers to predict internal conditions.
C) We have sent probes below the surface of the Sun.
D) By measuring Doppler shifts, we observe vibrations of the Sun's surface that are created deep within the Sun.
E) both B and D
Studies of sunquakes, or helioseismology, have revealed that
our mathematical models of the solar interior are fairly accurate.
Which of the following statements about neutrinos is not true?
The mass of a neutrino is 30 percent of the mass of an electron.
What seems to be the solution to the solar neutrino problem?
The electron neutrinos created in the Sun change into other types of neutrinos that we could not detect until now.
The light radiated from the Sun's surface reaches Earth in about 8 minutes, but the energy of that light was released by fusion in the solar core
hundreds of thousands of years ago.
What are coronal holes?
areas of the corona where magnetic field lines project into space, allowing charged particles to escape the Sun, becoming the solar wind
Which of the following statements about the sunspot cycle is not true?
The rate of nuclear fusion in the Sun peaks about every 11 years
What processes are involved in the sunspot cycle?
the winding of magnetic field lines due to variations in the Sun's rotation
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