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Terms in this set (79)
The framers of the Constitution wanted to keep power from being concentrated in the hands of a few, but they also wanted a stronger national government than the one that had existed under the Articles of Confederation.
The origin of the powers of Congress
The many enumerated powers of Congress are spelled out where?
Article I of the constitution
Under the great compromise small population states would receive equal representation in ________________ but for number of each states representatives in House of Rep would be based off of ____________
U.S. Senate; population
How many US Senators and members are in the House of Representatives
How often odes the Constitution provide a consensus?
Every 10 years
Who are the population shifts handled by?
Reapportionment of seats in House of Reps
What happens after reapportionment?
What are the core powers enumerated for Congress?
Powers to tax, borrow money on credit of US, to declare war, regulate interstate commerce, and impeachment
The power formally to charge the president, vice president and other civil officers of the national government with serious crimes
Who has the power to impeach
House of Representatives
Who can convict and remove an individual from a public office?
The U.S. Senate
What are advantages incumbents have when running for office?
name recognition, casework, campaign financing, campaign experience
The activities of U.S. Senators and Representatives that are focused on promoting their images among constituents and personally attending to constituents problems and interests are called what
Redrawing a congressional district to intentionally benefit one political party
Key roles in consideration of proposed new legislation
Committees and Subcommittees
A bill cannot become a law unless what?
It is passed in identical form by both chambers
What happens when the president signs a bill?
It becomes law
If the president sends a veto how does a bill still become a law?
If Congress overrides the president's veto by a 2/3 vote in each house
A permanent congressional committee that specializes in a particular policy
A committee made up of members of both the House and the Senate
A temporary committee created for a specific purpose
a temporary committee created to work out the differences between the House and Senate versions of a specific piece of legislation
Years of consecutive service on a particular congressional committee
The process of reviewing the operations of an agency to determine whether it is carrying out policies as Congress intended
The presiding officer of the House of Reps
Speaker of the House
The head of the majority party in the Senate; second highest ranking member of the majority party in the House
a delaying tactic used in the Senate that invokes speechmaking to prevent action on a piece of legislation
The mechanism by which a filibuster is cut off in the Senate
Federal funds appropriated by Congress for use on local projects
Who influences how members of Congress decide issues?
Political parties, the President, constituents, and interest groups
Who pushes Congress towards majoritarianism?
Political parties and the President
Who exercises a pluralist influence on policy making?
Constituents and interest groups
what powers does Article II give to the President?
The executive power, the Commander in chief power, and the power to grant reprieves and pardons to persons convicted of crimes or who might be charges with the commission of a crime.
The President shall have power by and with what?
The advice and consent of the Senate, to make treates with other countries
President has the power to appoint the heads of the what?
15 Cabinet Departments
The President can take certain military action under what Act?
The War Powers Resolution Act of 1973
Most presidents have viewed the War Powers Resolution Act as what?
unconstitutional infringement of presidential powers under the constitution
Public approval of the President is most closely linked to what?
The nations economic health
Who has considerable impact on economic policy and performance associated with the power to set interest rates and control the money supply
Chair of the Federal Reserve
Who is the current Chair of the Federal Reserve?
the right of a President to withhold confidential executive communications from other branches of the government or the public
When approximately 100 US Citizens assigned to the US Embassy in Iran were taken hostage for about a year.
The Iran Hostage Crisis of 1979
What makes up the Executive Office of the President?
The White House Staff headed by the Chief of Staff, and the White House executive establishment
What is meant by a "divided government" at the federal level?
The situation where one political party controls the White House and the other party controls at least one house of Congress
What does a divided government often lead to
What is meant by the phrase "going public"
Phrase is used to describe situations where the President attempts to force compliance from fellow Washingtonians by going over their heads to appeal directly to their constituents.
Who is expected to be a policy initiator for Congress as well as a lobbyist for bills
Any representative legislative body that consists of two separate chambers or houses
a defendant's admission of guilt in exchange for a less severe punishment
A judicial ruling that serves as the basis for the ruling in similar subsequent cases
Who is Chief Judge of Supreme Court?
John Clover Roberts Jr
How many Justices on US Supreme Court?
An unwritten rule that requires at least four justices to agree that a case warrants consideration before it is reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court
rule of four
the Writ issued when the Supreme Court decides to hear and decide a case
Writ of Certiorari
power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts
A "friend of the court" brief filed with the permission of the court by an individual or a group that is not a party to a legal action but has an interest in it
amicus curiae brief
written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the court but states different reasons as the basis for his or her decision
Concurring Opinion in Supreme Court
judicial opinion agreed to by more than half of the members of a court
opinion written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court which gives rise to its judgement
Who is the most recent Supreme Court justice to be confirmed by a majority vote of the U.S. Senate?
Justice Neil Gorsuch
Is the Georgia General Assembly bicameral?
All 236 Members of Georgia General Assembly are up for election how often?
Every 2 years
Georgia has how many state senators and how many house members?
What is Georgia's current Constitution?
The Constitution of 1983
How long does a regular session last for Georgia general assembly?
Second monday of january and lasts 40 legislative days
Who serves as president for GA senate?
lieutenant governor (currently Casey Cagle)
Who is the speaker for Ga House?
Whoever is elected as speaker currently David Ralston
Where are all the currently enforceable Georgia statutes published?
the Official Code of Georgia Annotated
When is governor of Georgia Assembly expected to have state's annual budget?
within the first 5 days of regular legislative session
the Georgia Constitution requires the state to adopt a what?
what is called when voters elect various department heads rather than having them picked by the governor
Ga Constitution requires that state judges be elected how?
primarily on nonpartisan ballots
what is an appellate court below the Georgia Supreme Court
The Georgia Court of Appeals
who represents the government and the people in criminal cases and have the authority to charge individuals with the commission of crimes?
District Attorneys in Georgia
who deals with wills, estates, marriage licenses, appointment of guardians, and involuntary hospitalizations of individuals
The Probate Court
who deals with bail, misdemeanors, small civil complaints, and search and arrest warrants
a group of ordinary citizens who meet and decide if there is a probable cause to believe that someone should be charged for committing a felony
A grand jury
what type of attorneys appear in a grand jury
A district attorney
what type of jury decides guilt or innocence?
a trial "petit" jury
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