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Like begets like, In any population there will be some variation that is inheritable, Not all individuals reproduce, The individuals that reproduce best are determined by their variations
The four basic ideas of modern evolutionary theory
Point mutation, change in chromosome number, change in chromosome structure
The three types of mutation
The introduction of new genetic material into a population when new individuals move into a population
A long-term change in one or more characteristics of a population over successive generations
If two populations become different over time and become recognizably different from each other, then we can say that they have developed into different ___________ .
Conspecifics occurring in a colder climate tend to have a larger body size than that of a warmer climate
A type of evolution that occurs in unrelated forms (not having common ancestry) where the groups become more and more similar to each other
Organisms exist relatively unchanged, but then undergo major changes very rapidly. Usually follows a cataclysmic event that necessitates rapid change
The vast majority of fishes are _____ due to there being fewer __________ in the ocean.
A fossilized human-like species that is thought to be in the sample species as humans, but it is different enough to be in a different subspecies
The vertebral column is an advantage because it adds a large _______ ____ to which muscles can attach.
Most fish scales are (analogous/homologous/both) to tetrapod scales. The others are (analogous/homologous/both).
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