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58 terms

Soc. Studies

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Bismarck
Prime minister of Prussia from 1862 to 1890
Army
Basis of Prussian strength
Prime Minister
Bismarck's official position
Kaiser
Title of the German emperor
Prussia
Dominant state in the new German union of 1867
Austria
Major rival of Prussia for German leadership
Papal
Italian states ruled by the pope
Sicily
Large island at the southern end of Italy
Rome
City ruled by the pope until 1870
Industrial
Economic base of northern Italy
Agriculture
Economic base of southern Italy
Mafia
Secret society formed by local strong men in Sicily
Austria
Dominant power of Central Europe
Hapsburgs
Ruling family of Austria
Hungary
Region that joined equally with Austria in 1867
Astro-Hungarian
the Dual Monarchy
nationalism
feeling of loyalty and patriotism toward a country, strong in Central Europe
Autocracy
Russian from of government under the tsars
serfdom
Institution abolished by the tsar in 1861
Emancipation
Freedom from serfdom
Assassination
Cause of Alexander's death
terrorists
Radicals who favored bombings and political killings
Berlin
Capital of the German Empire
Franco Prussian War
France's war against Prussia in 1870
Industry
Foundation of Germany's strong economy
socialist
Reformers strongly opposed by Bismarck
Franco Prussian War
Event engineered by Bismarck to make the southern German states allies of the north
Denmark
Northern country Prussia and Austria fought in 1864
Pope
The self-proclaimed "prisoner of the Vatican"
Rome
capital of the kingdom of Italy
Garibaldi
Leader who liberated southern Italy
two sicilie
Kingdom of the lower half of Italy
Red shirts
Garibaldi's army
Naples
Southern capital seized by Garibaldi and his army
Magyar
Majority population and language of Hungary
German
Dominant nationality and language of Austria
Ottoman Empire
Dominant power in the Balkans in the 1860s
The Sick Man of Europe
Nickname for the Ottoman Empire
Autocracy
The Ottoman type of government
Russia
Country that defeated the Ottoman Empire in 1878
Mediterranean
Russia wanted access to this sea
russiafication
Program that forced non-Russians to adopt Russian culture and customs
Pan-Slavism
Policy that favored the union of all Slavic peoples
Crimean War
War Russia fought against France, Great Britain, and the Ottoman Empire in 1855-56
Black Sea
Body of water that bordered the Crimea
field hospitals
the only real benefit of the Crimean War
Iron Chancellor
Bismarck's nickname, from is statement that he would unite Germany by "blood and iron"
German Confederation
Union of German states after the Congress of Vienna
7 week war
Prussia's brief 1866 war against Austria
North German Confederation
New union of German states established in 1867
Wilhelm 1
King of Prussia from 1861 to 1868 and German emperor as of 1871
Junkers
Conservative aristocratic landowners
Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and of Italy
Napoleon III
French ruler who allied his nation with Sardinia
Cavour
Prime minister of Sardinia who worked for Italian unity
France
Ally of Sardinia in its war with Austria
Austria
Major power that dominated a divided Italy
Mazzini
Leader of Italian unification movements before 1850