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Art apreciat unit test
Terms in this set (15)
Define what a collage is. What does collage mean in French? Make the connection between the art form and history of the word.
A collage is a work of art formed by pasting together fragments (parts) of printed matter, cloth, or other light weight materials on surface. In French, the word collage means, "to glue". When creating a collage, an artist pastes, or glues, together materials, just like the terms means.
Explain how oil paint is made. What is the vehicle?
Oil painting is a medium in which pigments are held together using oils, usually linseed oil. The vehicle is the oil used.
What is dry media? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using dry media?
Dry media consists of natural or synthetic mineral or plant substances that deposit crystalline or splinter-like fragments in the paper fibers. An advantage to dry media is that it can be easily erased to make corrections. A disadvantage is that smudges can be easily made, which can make a piece appear messy and unprofessional.
Explain the difference between engraving and etching.
Engraving is a process of incising an image onto a hard surface such as wood, stone, or a copper plate. Etching is a printmaking process in which an impression is taken from a metal plate on which an image has been etched (or eaten away by acid).
What is liquid media? What are the advantages and disadvantages of liquid media?
Liquid media is any material that is in liquid form, created by adding a liquid to a pigment. An advantage is that it tends to be durable. The disadvantages to using liquid media are that it can be costly and difficult to work with.
Explain how fresco paintings are created. What are advantages and/or disadvantages of fresco?
Fresco paintings are created by combining color pigments with water and then applying the substance to a plaster support, usually a wall or a ceiling. There are many beautiful examples of fresco art, however they are difficult to plan and create because the plaster dries quickly.
List two examples of dry media, two examples of liquid media, and two examples of mixed media from the lesson.
Examples of dry media include, charcoal and silver point. Examples of liquid media include, paint and ink. Examples of mixed media include, vellum and encaustic.
Define the term, advertisement. Look at the advertisements below. Which communicates most to you? Why?
Advertisement is a method of communication, whether through words or pictures, used in order to persuade the general public to consume or purchase a product or service
Describe the factors that influence the character of the lines in a painting? How?
The factors that influence the character of the lines in painting include both the pressure of the artist's hand and the width of the brush. The amount of pressure the artist uses will determine the amount of paint that gets deposited, and therefore the width of the line. The brush width also changes the size of the line. If the brush is turned so the thick side touches the canvas, then the line will the thick, and it the brush is turned so the thin side touches the canvas, the opposite will occur. An artist could also switch between the thin and thick side while drawing a line, which would make a line that slowly changes size.
Define the two main types of mixed media and their purpose(s).
Vellum is created by painting on a type of parchment material or on a surface made from the skin of a young calf that has been stretched out. It was particularly used to create illuminated manuscripts, but isn't used much today. Encaustic is created by mixing pigment with hot wax. The artist sculpts the material into place, and can reheat it if it harden and he/she wants to make changes.
Imagine you are creating an advertisement and its layout. List answers for the following questions:
1) What are you advertising?
2) What type(s) of advertisement(s) would be most effective? (ex: magazine, television, etc.)
3) What symbols or words would be most useful to use? What typeface?
4) Who is/are your audience or potential buyers?
5) What would the layout be?
1) I am advertising tampons.
2) commercial and magazine would be most effective.
3) Words such as "leak protection" and "lasts up to 8 hour" would be most useful.
4) Girls and women are my potential buyers.
5) The layout would be purple with an active girl to show you can be active while wearing them.
The Latin verb, intagliare, meaning, ________.
to cut into
Explain how woodblock printing is done. Where, and when, did it originate?
Woodblock printing is done using a keyblock. On the keyblock, the artist marks registration points so that they can line up the different blocks with the correct color. It originated in China and was popularized during the 14th century.
Why is painting more often associated with art than any other media? What type of painting do you find most interesting? Why?
Painting is one of the oldest forms of art. It is long lasting, and often very eye-catching with the artists' usage of color and details. We also tend to see painting in museums and other public centers, more than any other type of art. Opinions and reasons will vary for preference on painting.
How would you define human anatomy? Why is human anatomy important to art?
Human anatomy is the human body structure, including all its bones, muscles, and organs. In order to create accurate artworks of human subjects, an artist must understand how the body works and consider all parts of it.
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