Argumentation Vocabulary List

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Claim
Primary point being made. What the writer is trying to prove.
Counterclaim
A challenge to a position; an opposing argument
Argument
A statement put forth and supported by evidence
Figurative Language
language that is not intended to be interpreted in a literal sense
Inference
a conclusion drawn from evidence or reasoning
Citation
a quotation from or reference to a book, paper, or author, especially in a scholarly work.
Ethos
Appeal to Credibility
Pathos
Emotional appeal
Logos
Appeal to logic
Subjective
A judgement ased on personal opinions, feelings, and attitudes; not objective
Objective
A judgment based solly on facts and logic.
Bias
An author's preference for one side of an issue over another
Allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
Idiom
A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
Archetype
A commonly repeated symbol or character that appears in various types of literature.
Evidence
Supporting materials used to prove or disprove something.
Transition
a word or phrase that links different ideas or paragraphs.
Foreshadowing
suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative
Thesis
the main position of an argument. Located within the introductory paragraph.
Audience
One's listener or readership; those to whom a speech or piece of writing is addressed.