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58 terms

MBLEX Study Guide Book 2013 General Questions

From 1st 100 questions in 2013 Edition
STUDY
PLAY
Prime Mover
Muscle that is the major contributor in generating a movement
Tendon
At either end of the muscle & attach muscle to bone
Origin
Attachment to the more stationary bone
Insertion
Connection to the more mobile bone
Synergists
Muscles that work together to create an action and assist the prime mover
Antagonist
Creates opposite action to the Prime Mover
Veins & Arteries
Blood vessels of Cardiovascular System
Arteries
Carries blood away from heart
Function of Capillaries Wall
Nutrient & waste exchange site between body tissues & blood
Bell's Palsy
Temp facial paralysis, resulting from trauma to one or two facial nerves
Syndrome
Group of symptoms and signs with a common cause
Pandemic
Worldwide disease outbreak
Symptoms
Non observable abnormalities that the patient complains of (aches, fatigue, pain)
Epidemiology
Study of the occurrences, transmissions, & distributions of diseases
Acute
Short term & very intense
Signs
Abnormalities that you can see & observe such as rashes, bleeding, fever, etc
Prognosis
Prediction of the course of a disease
Chronic
Condition or disease that a last a long time & is less intense
Local
Confined to a certain part of the body
Stress-related illnesses
Posttraumatic Stress Disorders/Hypertension/Pain/Fatigue/Cardiovascular Problems/Ulcers/Sleep-Bowel-Digestive disorders
Pathogen
Infectious agent that causes disease to its host. Spread by direct contact, saliva, blood, urine, feces, airborne
Cranial Sacral Therapy
Holistic Healing Practice, uses very light touch to balance Craniosacral System:Bones, Tissues, Spinal Area, Nerves, Fluids
PNF
Passive Stretching/Isometric Contractions. Helps range of motion, reduce fatigue/prevent injuries when working with athletes
Trigger Point Therapy
Neuromuscular Therapy & Myotherapy
Reciprocal Inhibition
Muscles on one side of a joint relaxing to accommodate contraction on the other side of that joint.
Wolff's Law
States that bone in healthy person will adapt to the loads it is placed under
UPPER EXTREMITIES
HUMERUS/RADIUS/ULNA/CARPALS/METACARPALS/PLALANGES
LOWER EXTREMITIES
FEMUR/PATELLA/TIBIA/FIBULA/TARSALS/METATARSALS/PHALANGES
Transference
Process where emotions are passed on from one person to another
Counter Transference
Feelings aroused in therapist by client, occurs when therapist experiences emotions in response to the patient's transference.
4 Ways to Treat Plantar Fasciitis
Massage top of foot/sole of foot/cross friction heel massage/self treat w/rolling exercises
Lymph Drainage
Specialized technique you would use on client who is 6 weeks after mastectomy
Code of Ethics
Summary statement of the standards of conduct/ethical behavior for the massage therapist
Principles of Ethics
1st part of Code of Ethics/model standards of exemplary professional conduct for all members
Rules of Ethics
Mandatory & specific standards of minimally-acceptable professional conduct
Small Intestine
Long and narrow (20-23 feet) long. FOOD COMPOSITOIN
Large Intestine
Wide but short (5' ft long) No decomposition of food in large intestine
Thrombocyte
Platelet/tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting
OSTEOCLASTS
Cells that breakdown the bone
OSTEOCYTES
Individual bone cells
OSTEOBLASTS
Cells that build up or repair bone tissue
OSTEITIS/Potts Disease
Inflammation of bone
Hyperkyphosiss
Exaggerated posterior thoracic curve/Head forward posture
Stroking
Lightest techniques used for massage
MLD
Manual Lymphatic Drainage/contraindications include heart failure, acute conditions due to bacterial or viral infection
7 Heat Applications in Hydrotherapy
Fomentations/Silica Gel Hot Packs/Compresses, Moist Heat Pads, Hot Water Bottles/Mustard Plaster/Castor Oil Packs
Contraindications of Heal Applications in Hydrotherapy
Acute injuries, circulatory pathologies, infections, burns
Cryotherapy
Cold Application in Hydrotherapy
Raynaud's Disease
Rare disorder that affects the arteries
3 Respiratory Pathologies
Pulmonary Edema/Bronchial Asthma/Emphysema
Circulatory Pathologies
High/Low Blood Pressure/Angina Pectoris/Heart Failure/Varicose Veins/Hemorrhoids/TachycardiaT
Tachycardia
Rapid heart action
Bradycardia
Slow heart action
Gastrointestinal Concerns
Constipation/Irritable Bowel Syndrome/Inflammatory Bowel Disease. IBS: Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Common Type of Cancer
Breast, Colon, Lung, Prostate, Cervical, Skin
Ethics
Personal beliefs to what is wrong and right
Mission Statement
Declaration of your business major focus; generally short
10 Years
How many years should you keep tax records?