Lang Vocab General

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Terms in this set (...)

alliteration
the repetition of one or more initial consonants in a group of words or lines in a poem
allusion
a reference to a person, place, or event meant to create an effect or enhance the meaning of that idea.
ambiguity
a vagueness of meaning; a conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings or interpretations
analogy
a comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things; a passage that points out several similarities between to unlike thing is called an extended analogy.
anaphora
a repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or ore successive verses, clauses, or sentences
anecdote
a brief narrative often used to illustrate an idea or make a point
antecedent
a word to which a pronoun refers
antithesis
a rhetorical opposition or contrast of ideas by means of a grammatical arrangement of words, clauses or sentences, as in the following: "They promised freedom but provided slavery." "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."
apostrophe
a locution that addresses a person or personified thing not present (Ex: "Oh, you cruel streets of Manhattan, how I detest you!")
assonance
the repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words in prose or poetry
clause
a structural element of a sentence, consisting of a grammatical subject and predicate. (Independent clauses, sometimes called main clauses may stand on their own as complete sentences; dependent clauses, which are used as nouns or modifiers, are incomplete sentences that may not stand alone grammatically. Dependent clauses are sometimes called subordinate clauses. Dependent clauses function as adjectives, nouns, or adverbs are known, respectively, as an adjective, noun, and adverbial clauses.)
conceit
a witty or ingenious thought; a diverting or highly fanciful idea, often stated in figurative language
connotation
the suggested or implied meaning of a word or phrase
consonance
the repetition of two or more consonant sounds in a group of words or a unit of speech or writing
deductive reasoning
a method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusions, and theorems are draw from general principles; its opposite is inductive reasoning
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word (contrast with connotation)
diction
the choice of words in oral and written discourse
euphemism
a mild or less negative usage for a harsh or blunt term (Ex: pass away is a euphemism for die)
exposition
the background and events that lead to the presentation of the main idea or purpose of an essay or other work; setting forth the meaning or purpose of a piece of writing or discourse
explication
the interpretation or analysis of a text
extended metaphor
a series of comparisons between two unlike objects
fallacy (fallacious reasoning)
an incorrect belief or supposition based on faulty data, defective evidence, or false information
figure of speech (figurative language)
in contrast to literal language, figurative language implies meanings (figures of speech include metaphors, similes, and personification)
genre
a term used to describe literary forms such as a novel, play, or essay
hyperbole
overstatement; gross exaggeration for rhetorical effect
image
a word of phrase representing that which can be seen, touched, tasted, smelled, or felt; the used of images in speech and writing
inductive reasoning
a method of reasoning in which a number of specific facts or examples are used to make a generalization (opposite to deductive reasoning)
irony
a mode of expression in which the intended meaning is opposite of what is stated, often implying ridicule or light sarcasm; a state of affairs or events that is the reverse of what might have been expected
metaphor
a figure of speech that compares unlike objects (when several characteristics of the same objects are compared, that device is called an extended metaphor; a metaphor referring to a particular person, place, or thing is called a metaphorical allusion [ex: calling someone 'a Hercules'])
metonymy
a figure of speech that uses the name of one thing to represent something else with which is it associated (ex: 'The White House says...)
mood
the emotional tone or prevailing atmosphere in a work of literature or other discourse (in grammar, mood is refers to the intent of a particular sentence: the indicative mood is used for statements of fact; subjunctive mood is used to express doubt or a conditional attitude; sentences in the imperative mood give commands)
narrative
a form of verse or prose, in both fiction and non-fiction, that tells a story (a storyteller may use any number of narrative devices, such as skipping back and forth in time, ordering events chronologically, and ordering events to lead up to a suspenseful climax [frame])
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning (ex: bubbling, murmuring brooks)
oxymoron
a term consisting of contradictory elements juxtaposed to create a paradoxical effect (ex: loud silence, jumbo shrimp)
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