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Terms in this set (12)
What does the book of daniel describe as happening at the end of history?
Daniel has symbolic visions of the future that will end with Jewish struggle and God intervening to bring the reign of God on earth, about 3 and 1/2 years after the temple was profaned. Some of the dec will be risen to join the reign of God and the saints; some will be raised to face contempt for not being on God's side
What did Jesus preach as the hope people should have?
that the end time is coming and that God's will on Earth will be done. This is known as the kingdom of God which will have perfect harmony between eachother, God, and nature.
What is the hope for the faithful at the end of history as described by Paul?
people will come out of graves and ascend into heaven. People who are not dead get beamed up in their bodies (the rapture) and then there will be a destruction on earth into the transformed reign of God. (the bodies trandformed glorified body). He describes Jesus as the "first fruit" meaning that because Jesus rose bodily, all Christians can hope for a bodily resurrection one day
What is the hope for the faithful at the end of history as described by the author of the Revelation?
There will be destruction of the Earth and then the martyrs will rise and rule on Earth for 1000 years. All are resurrected (the faithful and the unfaithful) and all will be judged. Believers will be left on the transformed Earth ( new Jersualem with greater harmony with eachother God and nature and the rest will be thrown into the lake of fire.
List the three steps that the official Catholic teaching affirms are necessary for the correct interpretation of the Bible:
1. Read each part of the Bible with attention to the context/original meaning
2. Read parts in relation to the whole Bible
3. Read with attention to the on-going understanding of Christians overtime and today-especially with attention to official teaching.
What is the hope for the future in the (4th Century) Nicene-Constaninpitan Creed?
proclaims a hope for the return of Jesus to judge the living and the dead, along with a belief in the resurrection of the dead. This major statement of Christian belief does not include any claims about a disembodied soul existing in heaven, hell, or other state
What did the 4th cent theologian and Bishop, Gregory of Nyssa, think happen to the dead
held that the body was scattered at death, and the soul with it (remaining somehow attached to this scattered body). At the 2nd Coming of Jesus, all of humanity would be saved through a resurrection which gathered and reconstituted the scattered body/soul bits. All would then participate in the reign of God in a transformed world, though the process of being gathered and restored to physical life would be more painful for those who had sinned more.
What did the 4th-5th century theologian and bishop, Augustine of Hippo, think happened to people when they did at the end of history.
developed an influential combination of individual and cosmic eschatology. In this account, one's soul at death goes either to repose/rest or to eternal suffering in hell while awaiting the end of history. At the end of history, all get transformed bodies, and those in hell suffer their eternal torment even more fully. Those with God have a more full and complete enjoyment due to the restoration of their bodies.
In what century did official Catholic teaching affirm that the dead experience an afterlife before the end of history? Who officially proclaimed this teaching?
The centurey was in __-In 1336 Benedict the 12th issued the statement on personal eschatology
what does official Catholicism today maintain one must do to be condemedn to hell?
completly reject God's offer of love and harmony at the end of your life.
What are the three reasons that protestants reject Catholic beliefs about purgatory?
1. led to sellng indulgences which corrupt morals and distort the faith
2. Purgatory not mentioned in the Boble and the bible is the main authority of faith for the Protestants
3. Salavation is by grace and not works. purgatory suggests a salvation by works
What are the three reasons Wright gives for insisiting that the beliefs of the 2nd coming and the judgement at the end of history are important Christian beliefs?
1, stories need an end
2. hope that Jesus will be more physically presnet than now.
3. Jesus transforms the world because the injustices neeed to corrected rather then just throwing it all away (biliical belief)
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