Bill of Rights: Amendment 1-27 & Other Misc. Info on The U.S. Government
Terms in this set (42)
prohibits the government from establishing a
state church, supporting religious practices, or showing preference
for one religion over another. It also prohibits the government from restricting
freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and
freedom of the press; and protects the right to petition the government
to remove the cause of grievances.
guarantees the continued existence of state
militias, thus ensuring the right of the people to bear arms.
prohibits the government from forcing people
to house soldiers in their homes, except according to law.
protects citizens against unreasonable
searches and seizure of their property
guarantees due process of law when a person
is accused and tried for a crime. It also says that people do not have
to give evidence in court that might hurt them and that they cannot
be tried twice for the same crime
legal proceedings carried out according to people rights and freedoms
guarantees people a trial by jury in criminal
cases and the right to a lawyer
guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil
cases involving a LOT of money ($20 back then)
prevents judges from setting excessive bail
or handing out cruel and unusual punishments
the rights of citizens are not limited
to only those described in the Constitution
grants that any powers not given in the
Constitution to the federal government belong to the states
How many times has an amendment been ratified in the last 200 years?
concerns the immunity of the states from certain lawsuits
consists of changes to the electoral college procedures
ended slavery and forbade other forms of
forced labor, except in prisons
defined citizenship; its due process and equal
protection clauses protect civil rights from infringement by the
prohibits any restrictions on the right to vote
that are based on race, color, or having been a slave
authorizes a federal income tax
Guarantees the direct election of Senators (no electoral votes)
prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol,
and is the only amendment that was repealed
gave women the right to vote
changed the starting dates for presidential
and congressional terms
repealed Prohibition (Amendment 18), the
only amendment ever ratified by state conventions
limits the President to two terms of office
gives citizens in the District of Columbia the
right to vote for President and Vice President
prohibits the payment of a tax as a qualification
for voting in federal elections
set forth the procedures for determining presidential
disability, presidential succession, and filling a vice presidential
establishes the minimum age for voting at 18
states that congressional pay raises take effect
after the next congressional election
The Great Compromise
which was also known as the Connecticut
Compromise, proposed that:
• Congress should consist of two houses, a House of Representatives
and a Senate.
• A state's representation in the House would be based on population.
• Each state would have two representatives in the Senate.
How many senators does each state have?
A Congress Man/Woman must:
-be 25 years old or older
-have been a U.S. citizen for 7 years
-Must live in their state
Who runs the senate?
The Vice President
A Senator must:
-at least 30 years old
-have been a U.S. citizen for 9 years
-must live in their state
How many times does the Congress meet?
The Congress has to meet at least once a year
A proposed law
Where does the bill go once it passes the House?
How many days does the president have to do something with it?
The president can:
-sign the bill and it will becomes a law
-ignore it and the bill will be sent back to Congress
The President & V.P.
-must be born a U.S. Citizen
-must be at least 35 years old
-must have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years
Does the Supreme Court determine guilt or innocence?
Supreme Court NEVER determines guilt or innocence
What does the Supreme Court do?
makes sure people get their rights and that the laws are constituitional