Psych chapter 2 test
Terms in this set (12)
an extensive network of specialized cells that carries information to and from all parts of the body.
a branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure and function of neurons, nerves, and nervous tissue.
Biological Psychology or Behavioral Neuroscience
branch of neuroscience that focuses on the biological bases of psychological processes, behavior, and learning.
the basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that receives and sends messages within that system.
branchlike structures of a neuron that receive messages from other neurons.
the cell body of the neuron responsible for maintaining the life of the cell.
tubelike structure of neuron that carries the neural message from the cell body to the axon terminals, for communication with other cells.
enlarged ends of axonal branches of the neuron, specialized for communication between cells.
cells that provide support for the neurons to grow on and around, deliver nutrients to neurons, produce myelin to coat axons, clean up waste products and dead neurons, influence information processing, and, during prenatal development, influence the generation of new neurons.
Major Depressive Disorder
Characterized by lower numbers of specific glial cells, persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities
Parts of the brain have a greater number of glial cells, severe disorder in which the person suffers from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, and inability to distinguish between fantasy and reality.
Produce myelin for the neurons in the brain and spinal cord
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