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Terms in this set (16)
Two-way developmental bilingual education. One-way developmental education, ESL taught through academic content using current approaches. ESL putt-out
It presents learners with simple linguistic situations that they were to observe, and then describe in the target language focusing especially on the actions they witnessed
A prescriptive approach to grammar - how one should use correct speech in a given language.
An interdisciplinary field of language study that identifies, investigates and offers solutions to language related to real life problems eg education, psychology, anthropology and sociology
Introduced by Bloomfield and made popular from 1930 -1960. This is a descriptive approach to language which emphasizes concrete linguistic data and organizing the data in a structural level for the purpose of description.
Emphasizes the difference between the student's first language and the target language which allows one to compare and contrast L1 and L2. The first language in this theory is thought to be a hindrance in learning the target language
Transformational generative grammar
Introduced by Jacobsen and Chompsky. Emphasizes the creative aspect of human language. All humans are able to create and understand an infinite number of sentences they have never before heard.
The essential meaning of a sentence. eg. Some sentences can have 2 meanings
Phrase structure rules
Chompsky transformational grammar is a set of rules that were used to construct meaningful sentences in any given language. These rules vary mainly in their expression which was in computer like notation eg sp + vp
Language that is adjusted appropriate to the learner to negotiate meaning and to allow the learner to understand. Krashen 1985. Only when a learner is given comprehensible language instruction that he will be able to understand the concept and be able to understand the target language. The input or content of the instruction is emphasized.
Some features that are common to all languages; the shared characteristics are called universal grammar, they are vowels and consonants, stress and tone, parts of speech etc.
A comparison of the features of 2 languages for the purpose of targeting areas where the student's L1 may aid or interfere with his L2
The specific rules of a language
The concepts of pragmatics emphasizes the role played by non linguistic information in a student's language acquisition. eg background knowledge and personal belief.
The system of language the learner is developing, a set of rules created by the learner himself to better allow him to map the language he is learning. The progression taking place inside the learner as he is developing a greater understanding of the syntax comprising the language he is learning and many of the fundamental elements of the language
International Phonetic Alphabet
IPA - An interantional system of sound based notation based on the Latin alphabet and used to describe the sounds of spoken language.
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