76 terms

English 11 Final Exam Review

Help study for the final exam.
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elicit
(v) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person) SYN: call forth, evoke, extract, educe ANT: repress, quash, squelech, stifle
assuage
(v) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench SYN: mitigate, alleviate, slake, allay ANT: intensify, aggravate, exacerbate
umbrage
(n) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shake; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion SYN: irritation, pique, annoyance ANT: pleasure, delight, satisfaction
provincial
(adj) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified int he sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that origniated int he countryside; (n) a person with a narro point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony
SYN: nrrow-minded, parochial, insular, naive
ANT: cosmopoitan, catholic, broad-minded
intrinsic
(adj) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating ina bodily organ or part
SYN: immanent, organic
ANT: acclaim, gloryify, extol
commiserate
(v) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
SYN: feel sorry for, empathize
ANT: feel no sympathy for
ferment
(n) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; (v) to be in or to work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
SYN: commotion, turmoil, unrest
ANT: peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity
inadvertent
(adj) resulting from or marked by lack of attention, unintentional , accidental
SYN: accidental , unconsidered
ANT: deliberate, intentional , premeditated
contraband
(n) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj) illegal, prohibited
SYN: illicit, bootleg, unlawful
ANT: legal, lawful, licit
infer
(v) to find out by reasoning; to arrive ata conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint; suggest, imply
SYN: dather , deduce, presume, guess, speculate
resilient
(adj) able toreturn to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
SYN:springy, elastic, buoyant, bouncy
ANT: rigid, stiff, inflexible, unyielding
reverberate
(v) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly
SYN: rumble, thunder, boom, echo
sedulous
(adj) persistent, showing industry and determination
SYN:assiduous, tireless, indefatigable
ANT: lackadaisical, listless, indolent, otiose
sleazy
(adj) thin or flimsy in texture; sheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable
SYN: inferior, cheesy, tawdry, tatty
ANT: superior, first-rate, quality, sturdy
amnesty
(n) a general pardon for an offense against a government in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
autonomy
(n) slef-government, political control
SYN: home rule
ANT: dependence, subjection, colonial status
caveat
(n) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
SYN: admonition, word to the wise
filch
(v) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts
SYN: pilfer, purloin, swipe
flout
(v) to mock, treat with comtempt
SYN: scoff at, sneer at, snicker at, scorn
ANT: obey, honor, revere, uphold
fractious
(adj) tending to be troublesome; unruly,quarrelsome, contrary;unpredictable
SYN: refractory, recalcitrant, peevish
ANT: docile, tractable, cooperative
soporific
(adj) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; (n) something that induces sleep
SYN: narcotic, anesthetic
ANT: lax, loose, indulgent, permissive, dissolute
unwieldy
(adj) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of the size and complexity
SYN: cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical
ANT: manageable, easy to handle
fetter
(n) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains; (v) to chain or to shackle; to render helpless or impotent
SYN: bond, restraint, bind, hamper
ANT: free, liberate, emancipate
heinous
(adj) very wicked, offensive, hateful
SYN: eveil, odious, abominable, outrageous
ANT: excellent, wonderful, splendid
transgress
(v) to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law
SYN: overstep, exceed, trespass, err
ANT: obey, toe the line
debase
(v) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate
SYN: cheapen, corrupt, demean, depreciate
ANT: elevate, uplift, improve, enhance
desecrate
(v) to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute
SYN: profane, defile, violate
ANT: revere, honor, venerate, consecrate
grandiose
(adj) grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated
SYN: majestic, bombastic, highfalutin
ANT: simple, modest, unaffected, humble
pillage
(v) to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder; (n) the act of looting;booty
SYN: ravage, sack, loot, booty
redoubtable
(adj) inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent
SYN: formidable, fearsome, awesome, august
ANT: laughable, risible, contemptible
acrimonious
(adj)stinging, bitter in temper or tone
SYN: biting, caustic, rancorous, hostile, peevish
ANT: gentle, warm, mild, friendly, cordial
corpulent
(adj) fat; having a large, bulky body
SYN: overweight, heavy, obese, stut, portly
ANT: slender, lean, spare, gaunt, emaciated
dissension
(n) disagreement, sharp difference of opinion
SYN: stirfe, discord, contention
ANT: agreement, accord, harmony
impugn
(v) to call into question; to attack as false
SYN: challenge, deny, dispute, query, question
ANT: confirm, prove, verify, validate
perfidy
(n) faithlessness, treachery
SYN: betrayal, disloyalty, treason,duplicity
ANT: faithfulness, loyalty, steadfastness
squeamish
(adj) inclined to nausea; easily shocked or upset, excessively fastidious or refined
SYN: nauseated, queasy, delicate, oversensitive, priggish
abate
(v) to make less in amount, degree, etc.; to subside, become less; to nullify; to deduct, omit
SYN: diminish, decrease, subside, let up
ANT: intensify, increase, magnify, wax
adulation
(n) praise or flattery that is excessive
SYN: adoration, idolization, hero-worship
ANT: ridicule, derision, scorn, odium
dilatory
(adj) tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt; intended to delay or postpone
SYN: stalling, slow, tardy, laggard
ANT: prompt,punctual, speedy, expeditious
penury
(n) extreme poverty; barrebbess, insufficiency
SYN: destitution, want, indigence
ANT: affluence, abundance, luxury, opulence
resuscitate
(v) to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence
SYN: revitalize, reanimate, restore, reactivate
annotation
(n) a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
covert
(adj) hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered,secluded (n) a sheltered place, a hiding place
SYN: undercover, cladestine, sub-rosa
ANT: open, overt, undisguised
equanimity
(n) calmness, composure refusal to panic
SYN: tranquility, imperturbability
ANT: excitability, flappability, agitation
gist
(n) the essential part, the main point, or essence
SYN: substance, core, nucleus
motley
(adj) showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors; (n) a jester's costume; a jester
SYN: variegated, heterogeneous, diverse,a fool
ANT: uniform, homogeneous, monochromatic
sedentary
(adj) characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place
SYN: seated, stationary, static
ANT: active, peripatetic, migratory
corroborate
(v) to confirm, make more certain, bolster, substantiate, verify
ANT: refute, contradict, undermine, discredit
disseminate
(v) to scatter or spread widely
SYN:disperse, publicize, broadcast, circulate
ANT: bring together, concentrate, muster, conceal, hide
heresy
(n) an opinion different from an accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
SYN: unorthodox, belief, heterodoxy
ANT: orthodoxy
inculcate
(v) to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly
SYN: instill, implant, infuse, ingrain, imbue
ANT: effacem extirpate, root out
pernicious
(adj) extremely harmful; deadly, fatal
SYN: injurious, deleterious, baleful, noxious
ANT: harmless, innocuous, salutary, salubrious
sear
(v) to make or become dry and withered; to char oe scorch the surface of; to harden or make unfeeling; to parch dessicate, singe
absolve
(v) to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt
SYN: acquit, exonerate, vindicate, excuse, pardon
ANT: condemn, convict, incriminate, inculpate
caricature
(n) a representation (especially a drawing) in which the subject's characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated; (v) to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way
SYN: cartoon, burlesque, parody, lampoon
clangor
(n) a loud ringing sound (v) to make a loud ringing noise
SYN: din, clamor, uproar
ANT: silence, stillness, peace and quiet
incisive
(adj) sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)
SYN: acute, cutting, perceptive, trenchant
politic
(adj) prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed; artful, expedient
SYN: tactful, diplomatic, judicious, circumspect
ANT: unwise, injudicious, imprudent, rash
redundant
(adj) extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive; profuse, lush
SYN: unnecessary, superfluous, verbose, prolix
ANT: succinct, terse, laconic, scarce, inadequate
carousal
(n) noisy, revelry or merrymaking )often with a suggestion of heavy drinking
SYN: drinking bout, drunken revel, binge
incontrovertible
(adj) unququestionable, beyond dispute
SYN: incontestable, indisputable, indubitable
ANT: debatable, dubious, open to question
rejoinder
(n) a reply to a reply, especially from the defendant in a legal suit
SYN: answer, reply, response, riposte, retort
credulous
(adj) too ready to believe, easily deceived
SYN: gullible
ANT: dubious, skeptical
deplete
(v) to use up as a result of spending or consumption; to diminsh greatly
SYN: exhaust, empty, drain, bankrupt
ANT: replenish, refill, restock, resupply
extraneous
(adj) coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant
SYN: incidental, extrinsic
ANT: intrinsic, relevant, pertinent, germane
jejune
(adj) lacking in nutritive value; lacking in interest or substance; immature, juvenile
SYN: vapid, insipid, puerile, childish
ANT: stimulating, mature
obdurate
(adj) stubborn, unyielding
SYN: obstinate, adamant
ANT: yielding, tractable, flexible
potpourri
(n) a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items; a general mixture; petals mixed with spices for scent
SYN: hodgepodge, melange, farrago, medley
ANT: homogeneous or uniform in group
turgid
(adj) swollen, bloated, filled to excess; overdecorated or excessive in language
SYN: inflated, pompous, bombastic, overblown
ANT: muted, understated, unadorned, austere
bulwark
(n) a strong defense or protection, a solid wall-like structure for defense (v) to provide such defense or protection
SNY: stronghold, citadel, bastion, rampart
ANT: breach, weak point in the defense
curtail
(v) to cut short, bring to a halt or end sooner than expected; to reduce
SYN: limit, abbreviate, abridge, contract
ANT: protract, extend
presentiment
(n) a vague sense of approaching misfortune
SYN: foreboding, premonition, hunch
sartorial
(adj) of or pertaining to a tailor or his work; having to do with clothes or dress (especially men's)
thwart
(v) to oppose successfully; to prevent, frustrate
SYN: foil, baffle
ANT: aid, assist, abet, further
connoisseur
(n) an expert; one who is well qualified to pass critical judgments, especially in one of the fine
arts
SYN: authority, savant, pundit
ANT: ignoramus, philistine, yahoo
prolific
(adj) abudantly productive; abundant, profuse
SYN: fruitful, fecund, proliferous
ANT:barren, unproductive, sterile, sparse