AP World History Chapter 3
Classical Civilization: India Ap World Civilizations Third Edition
Terms in this set (21)
LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult
in Hinduism, the duties and obligations of each caste
A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.
Indus river valley
located in modern Pakistan; also known as Harappan Culture (including Mohenjo-Daro); highly advanced organized: sewer system, grid streets, uniform building construction, all examples of centralized government, home of dravidians., Language of the civilization has NOT been deciphered.
Ganges River Valley
A river flowing SE from the Himalayas in N India into the Bay of Bengal: sacred to Hindus. 1550 mi.; the valley where the seventeen Indian kingdoms developed
Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Central Asian steppes between 1500 and 1000 BC and greatly affected Indian society.
Developed along the Indus River; supported several large cities including Harrappa and Mohenjo-Daro; mostly disappeared after Indo-European invasion
ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism)
Rig-Veda, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Upanishads, etc.
Social System in India that gives every Indian a particular place in the social hierarchy from birth. Individuals may improve the position they inherit in the caste system in their next life through their actions, or karma. After many lives of good karma, they may be relieved from cycle of life and win their place in heaven.
a religion native to India, featuring belief in many gods and reincarnation
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes.
the founder of the Maurya Empire. Chandragupta succeeded in bringing together most of the Indian subcontinent. As a result, Chandragupta is considered the first unifier of India and the first genuine emperor of India.
(r.268-232 BCE) The third Mauryan emperor who can be compared to Constantine and who promoted Buddhism throughout his empire.
People being more loyal to an area than a nation
dynasty the succeeded the Kushans in the 3rd century CE; built empire that extended to all but the southern regions of Indian subcontinent; less centralized than Mauryan Empire; claimed divine rule; demanding system of taxation; established universities; Large Indian empire. Lasted 200 years. Gave classical India its greatest period of political stability
A Hindu triad god considered the preserver.
an important Hindu deity who in the trinity of gods was the Destroyer
Follow Dharma= good kharma= good reincarnation
dont follow Dharma= bad kharma= bad reincarnation
(siddhartha gautama) the founder of buddhism / is buddha (the enlightened one), son of a prince but rejects luxury to search why people suffer, the great renunciation = left all to search, he lived as a hermit, practiced yoga for 6 years, and rejected hindu answers
practiced in india, china, and southeast asia. founded by siddhartha gautama. he searched for the meaning of human life until he became the enlightened one. he created the four noble truths and the eightfold path. the ultimate goal is to achieve nirvana. this could take many lifetimes, meaning they also believed in reincarnation. split into theravada and mahayana bhuddism. Appealed to the members of the lower class. Bhuddism was consumed by Hinduism.