Terms in this set (37)
The first philosopher, encouraged his students to challenge him.
The world was solid, fixed, and motionless and therefore all change was an illusion
Fire was the physics. The world is in a constant state of flux."Never walk the same stream twice". Things exist in their opposites.
Claimed man came from fish and that water was a combination of something more basic.
Zeno of Elea
claimed that you can never actually arrive at your destination
believed the universe was based on mathematical concepts. He was the first proponent of hard science.
Four elements exist and there are two powers that exist: love and hate. Postulated that eidola enter the blood and through pores and that's how we develop perceptions. The heart was the center of our emotions.
An infinite number of seeds make up the universe.
He had the first theory of atoms. He believed that everything could be reduced to its elements. A sensation occurs when atoms enter the body through five sensory systems.
Moved towards rational, naturalistic medicine. Health was a balance of different elements.
Attacked supernatural medicine. Had a very mental and emotional view of healing.
a sophist. Nothing is false, but certain beliefs are more valuable.
All things are equally false.
Plato's theory of forms
Plato's analogy of the divided line
Plato's allegory of the cave
Plato's reminiscence theory of knowledge
Material, Formal, Efficient, Final
Hierarchy of souls
A vegetative, a sensitive, rational
Aristotle's common sense
Aristotle's passive reason
Aristotle's active reason
Aristotle's laws of association
Aristotle's laws of contiguity
Aristotle's law of similarity
Aristotle's law of contrast
Aristotle's law of frequency