37 terms

Chapter 2

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Thales
The first philosopher, encouraged his students to challenge him.
Parmenides
The world was solid, fixed, and motionless and therefore all change was an illusion
Heraclitus
Fire was the physics. The world is in a constant state of flux."Never walk the same stream twice". Things exist in their opposites.
Anaximander
Claimed man came from fish and that water was a combination of something more basic.
Zeno of Elea
claimed that you can never actually arrive at your destination
Pythagoras
believed the universe was based on mathematical concepts. He was the first proponent of hard science.
Empedocles
Four elements exist and there are two powers that exist: love and hate. Postulated that eidola enter the blood and through pores and that's how we develop perceptions. The heart was the center of our emotions.
Anaxagoras
An infinite number of seeds make up the universe.
Democritus
He had the first theory of atoms. He believed that everything could be reduced to its elements. A sensation occurs when atoms enter the body through five sensory systems.
Alcmaeon
Moved towards rational, naturalistic medicine. Health was a balance of different elements.
Hippocrates
Attacked supernatural medicine. Had a very mental and emotional view of healing.
Protagoras
a sophist. Nothing is false, but certain beliefs are more valuable.
Gorgias
All things are equally false.
Xenophanes
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Socrates
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Plato
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Plato's theory of forms
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Plato's analogy of the divided line
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Plato's allegory of the cave
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Plato's reminiscence theory of knowledge
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introspection
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Aristotle
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Aristotle's causes
Material, Formal, Efficient, Final
Teleology
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Entelechy
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Scala Nature
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Unmoved mover
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Hierarchy of souls
A vegetative, a sensitive, rational
Aristotle's common sense
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Aristotle's passive reason
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Aristotle's active reason
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Aristotle's laws of association
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Aristotle's laws of contiguity
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Aristotle's law of similarity
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Aristotle's law of contrast
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Aristotle's law of frequency
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Aristotle's associationism
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