12 terms

Dave Raymond's American History Lesson 6

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Define the term City Upon a Hill.
The phrase "city upon a hill" is from the New Testament and implies that a city is meant to be seen and not hidden.
Explain what the City Upon a Hill meant to the Puritans in America.
The Puritan settlers viewed the New World as an opportunity to create a just, merciful, and humble society for the rest of the world to find encouragement in.
What is a Puritan?
Someone who wishes to purify the church by establishing biblical worship.
How was Gospel Charity important to the Puritans? Give examples.
They believed that the Gospel should affect the way they lived as a community and that they share each other's burdens, joys, and grief.
How was Fruitful Labors important to the Puritans? Give examples.
They valued fruitfulness and has a vision of each succeeding generation producing measurable successes in this world and for the world to come.
List and define the 5 Puritan Values.
-Work Ethic: The Puritans valued the 6-day work-week, loved innovation and ingenuity, used apprenticeships to train their youth, and believed that work was a calling from God.
-Community: The Puritans believed that community created much of your identity and that all good citizens should invest heavily in their local towns through relationships, projects, and governments.
-Family: The Puritans greatest pleasure was their family where they heavily invested their time through discipleship, catechism, and working together.
-Spiritual Disciplines: The Puritans practiced the disciplines of Scripture reading, prayer, fasting, and self-examination out of a love for Christ Himself.
-Education: The Puritans believed that learning, not degrees or diplomas, was the point of education and established a multitude of schools and libraries designed to provide extensive education for each generation.
John Winthrop
He was the Puritan founder of Boston with 700 settlers and 11 ships, he gave the famous "City on a Hill" speech, calling for justice, mercy, and humility. He also oversaw the establishment of general court, Boston Latin School, Harvard, and the document creating Civil Liberties.
Simon Bradstreet
A judge, ambassador, and last freely elected governor of Massachusetts. Also a great patron of the arts.
Anne Bradstreet
From Massachusetts, was self-taught and had 8 children, was also the first American poet.
John Eliot
From the Roxbury area, he was a missionary to the Algonquin, called "Apostle to the Indians", and became a fellow prisoner when they were put on prison ships. He learned the Algonquin language and translated Bible into it. Became a pastor and traveled a 70-mile circuit to their villages.
Cotton Mather
Named for his two pastor grandfathers, John Cotton and Richard Mather. He combated idleness as a boy by journaling in Greek, Hebrew, and Latin. Admitted to Harvard at age 12, he went on to become a pastor who preached 5 times a week, a writer of 450 books, a teacher who his students personally, and father of 15 children.
Why are Puritans so important in the history of America?
They remind us that we were a nation founded not just on the opportunity, but upon a vision for the spread of the Gospel in this world through justice, mercy, and humilty.