39 terms

Unit 4- Rome

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Terms in this set (...)

Mediterranean Sea
Most important body of water for the development of commerce/ trade
Rome
Alps and Mediterranean
Provided protection for Rome from foreign invasion
Greeks
Influenced the early Roman religious beliefs
Polytheistic
Religion of ancient Rome
Jupiter
God of thunder/ King of the gods
Venus
Goddess of love and beauty
Juno
Goddess of marriage and jealousy
Minerva
Goddess of battle
Diana
Goddess of the hunt
Punic Wars
Fought between Carthage and Rome
Tiber River
Rome was built on seven hills on the banks of the-
Senate
Most powerful governing body in Rome, consisted of patricians
Patricians
Wealthy, land owning class
Plebeians
Farmers, merchants, largest social class
Roman government
The people chose the officials who governed
Hannibal
Crossed the Alps on elephants during the Punic Wars
Twelve Tables
Written law code, prevented patricians from abusing their positions
Result of the Punic Wars
Rome controlled the western Mediterranean Sea
Empire Age of Rome
Began under Augustus Caesar, ending the Roman Republic
Pax Romana
200 years of peace and prosperity following the rule of Augustus Caesar
Julius Caesar
Named as "dictator for life", was assassinated by members of the Senate
Fall of Rome
Germanic invasions, moral decay, devaluation of cirrency
Economic impact of the Pax Romana
Use of a common currency led to an expansion of trade throughout the empire
Fall of the Roman Republic
Civil war breaks out over the power of Julius Caesar
Social impact of the Pax Romana
Stabilized class structure and increased emphasis on the family
Christianity vs. Ancient Roman religion
Monotheism (belief in one god) conflicts with the belief in many gods of the ancient Roman Empire
Monotheistic
Christianity
Christianity
Believes Jesus is the son of God, New Testament is sacred because it is about the life and teachings of Jesus
Impact of Christianity in Rome
Decline in loyalty to the Emperor and increased loyalty to the church
Constantinople
Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire
Constantine
Roman Emperor, Converted to Christianity and made it legal throughout the empire
Edict of Milan
Made the persecution of Christians illegal (Christians could now freely worship)
Virgil
Roman poet, made contributions in literature
Colosseum
Served as an amphitheater for gladiator contests
Aqueducts
Provided clean water to public baths and water systems in the empire
Latin
Official language of the Roman Empire
Decline of the Western Roman Empire
Caused by the devaluation of Roman currency
Diocletian
Roman emperor who divided the empire into two parts

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