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Judicial Branch Vocab
Terms in this set (12)
Lower Federal Courts. Courts below the Supreme Court
The authority of a court to hear a case
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. These are the courts that determine the facts about a case.
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower courts.
A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state.
A person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
An individual or group being sued by a plaintiff or charged with a crime by a prosecutor.
A jury of 12 to 23 persons who, in private, hear evidence to determine whether persons shall be required to stand trial. If the jury believes there is sufficient evidence that a crime was committed, it issues an indictment (formal charge).
A trial jury, usually consisting of 6 or 12 people, that weighs the evidence presented at a trial and renders a verdict
Writ of Certiorari
Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up the records of a case for review
Allows prisoners to petition the court to be released from unlawful detention.
Prevents the state from detaining individuals for no legal reason
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