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10 Important Acts/Laws of 16-1700's
Terms in this set (10)
Toleration Acts of 1649
An act that made limiting the religious rights of Christians a crime.
Navigation Acts of 1660
British regulations designed to protect British shipping from competition. Said that British colonies could only import goods if they were shipped on British-owned vessels and at least 3/4 of the crew of the ship were British. To insure that England and its mercantile would always have a favorable balance of trade.
Molasses Act of 1733
British legislation which had taxed all molasses, rum, and sugar which the colonies imported from countries other than Britain and her colonies. The British had difficulty enforcing the tax; most colonial merchants did not pay it; a British law of 1733 that imposed taxes on molasses, rum, and sugar imported into the American colonies, which would effectively close trade with the West Indies and destroy New England's rum industry. Used to minimize debt caused by the French and Indian War
Proclamation Line of 1763
Prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains, colonists werent allowed to settle of buy land there, this led to outrage in the 13 colonies
Sugar Act of 1764
An act that raised tax revenue in the colonies for the crown. It also increased the duty on foreign sugar imported from the West Indies. , The seven years war ran a huge debt for England who felt the colonists should help pay so the English parliament constructed this law
Stamp Act of 1765
Was issued in order to raise revenues to support the new British military force. Mandated the use of stamped paper certifying the payment of taxes. Colonist were angrily aroused and felt that this act was jeopardizing the basic right of the colonists as Englishmen. , Parliament's first direct tax on the Colonies; taxed newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, dice and playing cards
Quartering Act of 1765
Act forcing colonists to house and supply British troops/forces in the colonies; created more resentment; seen as assault on liberties..
Townshend Acts of 1767
Taxes on common items such as tea, lead, glass, and dyes. Great Britain now payed the governors and judges of Massachussets (with date); New regulations on a light import duty of glass, white lead paper, paint, and tea. An indirect customs duty payable at American ports.
Quebec Act of 1774
The Quebec Act restored the former French civil tradition for private law, which had been ended in 1763 and allowed for the Roman Catholic faith to be practiced. For the first time since becoming a colony, Canadians were able to participate in the affairs of the colonial government. However, it was termed one of the Intolerable Acts by the American colonists, further contributing to the American Revolution.; Granted full religious freedom to French Roman Catholics and overrides claims to western lands (with date)
Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts of 1774
British response to the Boston Tea Party; blockaded Boston Harbor, eliminated the Massachusetts charter of government, dissolved the New York Assembly; Boston Port Bill: closed port of Boston; Administration of Justice: trials of royal officials be held in Britain; Massachusetts Government Act: greatly limited citizens' rights to organize freely; replaced judiciary with Crown appointees
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