7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- The significance of the Battle of the Bulge was that the Allies had beaten Germany's final offensive of WWII. Allies could then defeat Germany and end the Western (European) front of the war.
- Rosa Parks started it all when she refused to give up her seat for a white person. This event kicked off the Montgomery Bus Boycott and allowed MLK to become a major civil rights leader. Some highlights of the movement were the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the March on Washington. Their tactics are considered non-violent forms of protests, which took the form of sit-ins, freedom rides, and marches.
- Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.
- Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
- General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
- Franco led conservative military men who felt threatened by 1931 Spanish Constitutional reforms. He led the fascist army to overthrow the government in 1936, which started a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Fascists, while Russia supported the Loyalists (remember Communists hate fascists).
6 True/False questions
What was Normandy/D-Day/Operation Overlord? How was this part of the Allies plan to stop Germany? → Occurred on June 6, 1944. It was the Allied invasion of the German controlled French coast. After the successful operation, the Allies could move into the rest of Europe and close-in on the rest of Germany.
Describe how the Cold War heated back up from détente then thawed (what happened in the later 70s and 80s). → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
Who was Marcus Garvey? What did he want that was different from other Black leaders? → Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
***List in chronological order the presidents from 1968-2000 (Use week twelve notes for more information on Nixon). Why was each president elected? → (1968-1974) Nixon- promised things the Southerners would like and got the support of the middle-class Silent Majority. (1974-1977) Ford- became president when Nixon resigned. (1977-1981) Carter- Won the election because he was an outsider. He wasn't involved with any of the troubles in Washington. (1981-1988) Reagan- Accused Carter of being a weak leader; Carter was very unpopular. (1988-1992) Bush- won because the Democrats were disorganized. He was the VP to the very popular Reagan. (1992-2000) Clinton- Called for government renewal. Very charming during the campaign. He was reelected because he was able to be an effective Democratic president working with Congress.
How did the Allies defeat Germany (know how to illustrate this as well)? → Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
Be able to recreate your Cold War Effects Web. → US had loaned $10 billion to allies during WWII. Allied nations paid for the debt by collecting reparations from Germany. Germany couldn't keep up with the payments, which led to discontent (unhappiness) in Germany and allowed a leader like Hitler to become popular.