7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- He was a black leader who created the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He called for a back-to-Africa movement, which differed from other Black leaders that wanted to work within America for equal rights. Garvey wanted to start over for Blacks in a new country.
- The significance of the Battle of the Bulge was that the Allies had beaten Germany's final offensive of WWII. Allies could then defeat Germany and end the Western (European) front of the war.
- Franco led conservative military men who felt threatened by 1931 Spanish Constitutional reforms. He led the fascist army to overthrow the government in 1936, which started a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Fascists, while Russia supported the Loyalists (remember Communists hate fascists).
- Ford tried to continue the policy of détente after Nixon, but the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan. In response, the US boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow and cut off grain sales. When Gorbachev was elected, he promised reforms and was willing to meet with US presidents. Tensions eased as the Soviet Union entered a period of glasnost and perestroika (openness and reform).
- African Americans were prohibited from voting with literacy tests (which were questions asked mostly to Black Americans about very specific parts of the Constitution), poll taxes (a charge to vote meant to stop the poorest from voting), and the grandfather clause (only those whose grandparents were legally allowed to vote would currently be allowed to vote). The 15th Amendment first gave African Americans the right to vote, but was strengthened in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (which made voter registration a federal, not a local, issue), and the 24th Amendment (which banned polled taxes in federal elections).
6 True/False questions
How did the media influence the Vietnam War? → Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
Who was General McArthur? With what region of the world is he most closely identified? What was his role in Japan after? → General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
What was Normandy/D-Day/Operation Overlord? How was this part of the Allies plan to stop Germany? → Occurred on June 6, 1944. It was the Allied invasion of the German controlled French coast. After the successful operation, the Allies could move into the rest of Europe and close-in on the rest of Germany.
What was the US foreign policy after WWI (not WWII)? Why did America follow this policy? → The US foreign policy after WWI was isolationism (withdrawal from world affairs). It was the policy of avoiding involvement in the affairs of other nations. America followed this policy because they had just gotten out of a huge war and people thought the US should worry about itself.]
How did the Allies defeat Germany (know how to illustrate this as well)? → Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
Describe the African American Civil Rights Movement in America. How did it start? What were the highlights of the movement? What tactics did African Americans use? → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.