7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- The significance of the Battle of the Bulge was that the Allies had beaten Germany's final offensive of WWII. Allies could then defeat Germany and end the Western (European) front of the war.
- The US strategy towards Communism was containment. In Korea, the North wanted to communism, but the South did not. In order to keep communism contained, the US helped S. Korea. After years of fighting, the countries agreed to keep Korea split between Communist North and Non-Communist South. In Vietnam, the US tried to stop the spread of Communism because they believed that if South Vietnam fell, then the rest of South East Asia would. They sent supplies, trained soldiers, and sent money. Then US ships were attacked at the Gulf of Tonkin which made them get directly involved. After a decade of fighting, the US withdrew and the Vietminh reunited the country under Communism.
- Rosa Parks started it all when she refused to give up her seat for a white person. This event kicked off the Montgomery Bus Boycott and allowed MLK to become a major civil rights leader. Some highlights of the movement were the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the March on Washington. Their tactics are considered non-violent forms of protests, which took the form of sit-ins, freedom rides, and marches.
- The allies attacked Germany from all sides. The bad weather during the German invasion of the Soviet Union also weakened the German army, but the strategy was to surround and close-in on Germany.
- Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
6 True/False questions
What were the ways that African Americans were prohibited from voting? What were the legal ways for first giving African Americans the right to vote and protecting it later (Includes Acts and Amendments)? → African Americans were prohibited from voting with literacy tests (which were questions asked mostly to Black Americans about very specific parts of the Constitution), poll taxes (a charge to vote meant to stop the poorest from voting), and the grandfather clause (only those whose grandparents were legally allowed to vote would currently be allowed to vote). The 15th Amendment first gave African Americans the right to vote, but was strengthened in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (which made voter registration a federal, not a local, issue), and the 24th Amendment (which banned polled taxes in federal elections).
What was Normandy/D-Day/Operation Overlord? How was this part of the Allies plan to stop Germany? → Franco led conservative military men who felt threatened by 1931 Spanish Constitutional reforms. He led the fascist army to overthrow the government in 1936, which started a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Fascists, while Russia supported the Loyalists (remember Communists hate fascists).
How did the Allies defeat Japan? Why were Iwo Jima and Okinawa important for this strategy? → The allies pursued an island-hopping strategy in order to weaken Japanese defense. The islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa were islands close enough to the mainland Japan to launch a land/water (amphibious) assault.
Who was Marcus Garvey? What did he want that was different from other Black leaders? → He was a black leader who created the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He called for a back-to-Africa movement, which differed from other Black leaders that wanted to work within America for equal rights. Garvey wanted to start over for Blacks in a new country.
Working conditions during WWII (Who worked in the factories? What was demobilization? What was American society like after WWII- like where did people live and what were Americans economic conditions during the fifties?) → Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.
Who was General McArthur? With what region of the world is he most closely identified? What was his role in Japan after? → General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.