7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- Ford tried to continue the policy of détente after Nixon, but the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan. In response, the US boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow and cut off grain sales. When Gorbachev was elected, he promised reforms and was willing to meet with US presidents. Tensions eased as the Soviet Union entered a period of glasnost and perestroika (openness and reform).
- US had loaned $10 billion to allies during WWII. Allied nations paid for the debt by collecting reparations from Germany. Germany couldn't keep up with the payments, which led to discontent (unhappiness) in Germany and allowed a leader like Hitler to become popular.
- Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
- The allies pursued an island-hopping strategy in order to weaken Japanese defense. The islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa were islands close enough to the mainland Japan to launch a land/water (amphibious) assault.
- Rosa Parks started it all when she refused to give up her seat for a white person. This event kicked off the Montgomery Bus Boycott and allowed MLK to become a major civil rights leader. Some highlights of the movement were the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the March on Washington. Their tactics are considered non-violent forms of protests, which took the form of sit-ins, freedom rides, and marches.
6 True/False questions
What was the significance of the Battle of the Bulge? What about the Battle of Midway? → Franco led conservative military men who felt threatened by 1931 Spanish Constitutional reforms. He led the fascist army to overthrow the government in 1936, which started a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Fascists, while Russia supported the Loyalists (remember Communists hate fascists).
***List in chronological order the presidents from 1968-2000 (Use week twelve notes for more information on Nixon). Why was each president elected? → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
Who was General McArthur? With what region of the world is he most closely identified? What was his role in Japan after? → General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
Working conditions during WWII (Who worked in the factories? What was demobilization? What was American society like after WWII- like where did people live and what were Americans economic conditions during the fifties?) → General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
How did the Allies defeat Germany (know how to illustrate this as well)? → The allies attacked Germany from all sides. The bad weather during the German invasion of the Soviet Union also weakened the German army, but the strategy was to surround and close-in on Germany.
What did JFK and LBJ want to fix with their New Frontier and Great Society? What did they achieve? What limited their success? → The New Frontier refers to Kennedy's domestic policy. He hoped to fix high unemployment and inflation, while helping the disadvantaged. JFK was killed before he could accomplish much. Johnson's Great Society was a plan for America to be a place without poverty and racial injustice. He focused on poverty, healthcare, education, and civil rights. He was immensely successful. His most lasting impact was Medicare, Medicaid, HeadStart, VISTA, and Civil Rights Act of 1964 (which prohibited discrimination based on race or color). He met some resistance from the Republican controlled Congress.