7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- Occurred on June 6, 1944. It was the Allied invasion of the German controlled French coast. After the successful operation, the Allies could move into the rest of Europe and close-in on the rest of Germany.
- Ford tried to continue the policy of détente after Nixon, but the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan. In response, the US boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow and cut off grain sales. When Gorbachev was elected, he promised reforms and was willing to meet with US presidents. Tensions eased as the Soviet Union entered a period of glasnost and perestroika (openness and reform).
- He was a black leader who created the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He called for a back-to-Africa movement, which differed from other Black leaders that wanted to work within America for equal rights. Garvey wanted to start over for Blacks in a new country.
- The significance of the Battle of the Bulge was that the Allies had beaten Germany's final offensive of WWII. Allies could then defeat Germany and end the Western (European) front of the war.
- Women and African Americans worked in the factories while men were at war. Demobilization was when factories went from making war products to making house-hold products. Demobilization refers to the process of going back to normalcy. After the war, people had money saved up and houses were built very cheaply so many newly middle-class people moved to the suburbs.
- Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
6 True/False questions
Describe the African American Civil Rights Movement in America. How did it start? What were the highlights of the movement? What tactics did African Americans use? → Rosa Parks started it all when she refused to give up her seat for a white person. This event kicked off the Montgomery Bus Boycott and allowed MLK to become a major civil rights leader. Some highlights of the movement were the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the March on Washington. Their tactics are considered non-violent forms of protests, which took the form of sit-ins, freedom rides, and marches.
What was the US foreign policy after WWI (not WWII)? Why did America follow this policy? → The US foreign policy after WWI was isolationism (withdrawal from world affairs). It was the policy of avoiding involvement in the affairs of other nations. America followed this policy because they had just gotten out of a huge war and people thought the US should worry about itself.]
War Reparations and their effects → US had loaned $10 billion to allies during WWII. Allied nations paid for the debt by collecting reparations from Germany. Germany couldn't keep up with the payments, which led to discontent (unhappiness) in Germany and allowed a leader like Hitler to become popular.
Explain the US strategy towards Communism in Asia. What happened in Korea? What was the result of the Korean War? Summarize US involvement in Vietnam from when it began to when it ended. → The US strategy towards Communism was containment. In Korea, the North wanted to communism, but the South did not. In order to keep communism contained, the US helped S. Korea. After years of fighting, the countries agreed to keep Korea split between Communist North and Non-Communist South. In Vietnam, the US tried to stop the spread of Communism because they believed that if South Vietnam fell, then the rest of South East Asia would. They sent supplies, trained soldiers, and sent money. Then US ships were attacked at the Gulf of Tonkin which made them get directly involved. After a decade of fighting, the US withdrew and the Vietminh reunited the country under Communism.
How did the Allies defeat Japan? Why were Iwo Jima and Okinawa important for this strategy? → The allies pursued an island-hopping strategy in order to weaken Japanese defense. The islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa were islands close enough to the mainland Japan to launch a land/water (amphibious) assault.
***List in chronological order the presidents from 1968-2000 (Use week twelve notes for more information on Nixon). Why was each president elected? → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.