7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- The significance of the Battle of the Bulge was that the Allies had beaten Germany's final offensive of WWII. Allies could then defeat Germany and end the Western (European) front of the war.
- He was a black leader who created the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He called for a back-to-Africa movement, which differed from other Black leaders that wanted to work within America for equal rights. Garvey wanted to start over for Blacks in a new country.
- Americans turned against the war because of the media. The media focused on how the war was being fought, not necessarily the results.
- The allies pursued an island-hopping strategy in order to weaken Japanese defense. The islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa were islands close enough to the mainland Japan to launch a land/water (amphibious) assault.
- General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
- (1968-1974) Nixon- promised things the Southerners would like and got the support of the middle-class Silent Majority. (1974-1977) Ford- became president when Nixon resigned. (1977-1981) Carter- Won the election because he was an outsider. He wasn't involved with any of the troubles in Washington. (1981-1988) Reagan- Accused Carter of being a weak leader; Carter was very unpopular. (1988-1992) Bush- won because the Democrats were disorganized. He was the VP to the very popular Reagan. (1992-2000) Clinton- Called for government renewal. Very charming during the campaign. He was reelected because he was able to be an effective Democratic president working with Congress.
6 True/False questions
What was going on in Spain right before and during the Second World War? → Franco led conservative military men who felt threatened by 1931 Spanish Constitutional reforms. He led the fascist army to overthrow the government in 1936, which started a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Fascists, while Russia supported the Loyalists (remember Communists hate fascists).
Describe how the Cold War heated back up from détente then thawed (what happened in the later 70s and 80s). → Containment is the US foreign policy during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet Communism. The main cause of the Cold was that the Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism, especially in Eastern Europe and Asia after the Nazi and Japanese empires fell.
What were the ways that African Americans were prohibited from voting? What were the legal ways for first giving African Americans the right to vote and protecting it later (Includes Acts and Amendments)? → African Americans were prohibited from voting with literacy tests (which were questions asked mostly to Black Americans about very specific parts of the Constitution), poll taxes (a charge to vote meant to stop the poorest from voting), and the grandfather clause (only those whose grandparents were legally allowed to vote would currently be allowed to vote). The 15th Amendment first gave African Americans the right to vote, but was strengthened in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (which made voter registration a federal, not a local, issue), and the 24th Amendment (which banned polled taxes in federal elections).
Working conditions during WWII (Who worked in the factories? What was demobilization? What was American society like after WWII- like where did people live and what were Americans economic conditions during the fifties?) → General MacArthur was the commander of the US troops in the Pacific during WWII. He is identified with the Pacific region, especially Japan. His role after the war was that he helped rebuild the entire nation of Japan.
Be able to recreate your Cold War Effects Web. → ...
Explain the US strategy towards Communism in Asia. What happened in Korea? What was the result of the Korean War? Summarize US involvement in Vietnam from when it began to when it ended. → The US strategy towards Communism was containment. In Korea, the North wanted to communism, but the South did not. In order to keep communism contained, the US helped S. Korea. After years of fighting, the countries agreed to keep Korea split between Communist North and Non-Communist South. In Vietnam, the US tried to stop the spread of Communism because they believed that if South Vietnam fell, then the rest of South East Asia would. They sent supplies, trained soldiers, and sent money. Then US ships were attacked at the Gulf of Tonkin which made them get directly involved. After a decade of fighting, the US withdrew and the Vietminh reunited the country under Communism.