Wickham AP Government Key Legislation
Terms in this set (20)
Limits political activities of civil service employees.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Title II bans discrimination in public places on basis of race, color, national origin, or religion.
Title VII: prohibits employment discrimination on basis of all of the above plus sex, allows employees to give racial preferences in hiring, Executive Order #11246 required federal contractors to adopt affirmative action programs, allowed class action suits, enforced by EEOC.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Suspended literacy tests, empowered federal officials to register votes, empowered federal officials to ensure that citizens could vote, empowered federal officials to count ballots, prohibited states from changing voting procedures without federal permission.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Bans age discrimination for jobs unless age is related to job performance.
Air Quality Act
Established emissions standards for cars and factories. Established minimum standards for states.
Federal Election Campaign Acts
Created FEC, required disclosure of contributions and expenditures, provided limitations on contributions and presidential election expenditures, provided subsidies for presidential candidates.
Title IX of Education Act of 1972
Prohibited gender discrimination in federally subsidized education programs.
War Powers Act
President could send troops overseas to an area where hostilities were imminent only if: he notified Congress within 48 hours, withdrew troops within 60-90 days, consulted with Congress if troops were to engage in combat.
Congress can pass resolution to have troops withdrawn at any time.
Freedom of Information Act
Allows public access to non-classified federal documents.
Budget and Impoundment Control Act
Established congressional budget committees, established CBO, extended budget process by 3 months, allows either house to override temporary impoundment (deferral), automatically voids permanent impoundment (rescission) unless both houses approve within 45 days.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Bans job discrimination against disabled if "reasonable accommodation" can be made, requires access to facilities for handicapped.
National Voter Registration Bill
Requires states to allow people to register to vote when applying for driver's licenses applications or completing license renewal forms.
"Motor Voter Act" (1993)
Religious Freedom Restoration Act
Restored compelling purpose guideline for courts to use when states restrict religious liberty, struck down by Supreme Court in Boerne v. Flores.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
Requires CBO to analyze impact of unfunded mandates on states, requires separate congressional vote on bills that impose unfunded mandates.
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
Ended federal entitlement status of welfare, in its place the federal government gave block grants to states to administer welfare, "strings" attached to these grants: recipients must work within 2 years and cannot receive benefits for more than 5 years.
"Welfare Reform Act of 1996"
Defense of Marriage Act
States need not recognize same-sex marriages.
No Child Left Behind Act
States must adopt education accountability standards, must annually test students, and sanctions against schools that fail to meet adequate yearly progress.
USA Patriot Act
Strengths the federal government's power to conduct surveillance, perform searches, and detain individuals in order to combat terrorism.
Raised hard money limits to $2000 and banned soft money contributions to national political parties.
"Campaign Finance Reform Act of 2002"
Clean Air Act of 1970
Required EPA to develop and enforce regulations to protect the public from airborne contaminants; forced states to follow and make sure the laws for followed in relation to the EPA. States allowed to decide officials for enforcement.