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section 5 hist.
Terms in this set (61)
State that had more black people than white in 1750.
State that had the largest white population in 1750.
State that had the largest black population in 1750.
Which ethnic group had the largest population in 1790.
English and Welsh
Which ethnic group had the second largest population in 1790.
The three social classes that existed in early America.
Upper (Gentry), Middle, Low
Percentage of whites in America in 1790.
Percentage of slaves in America in 1790.
Who made up the Upper (Gentry) class?
Planters, merchants, royal officials, ministers and professionals.
Who made up the Middle class?
farmers, tradespeople, artisans
What were the Upper (Gentry) known as in society?
Mister and Mistress
What were the Middle class known as in society?
Goodman and Goodwomen
What were the Lower class known as in society?
Who made up the Lower class?
hired hands, indentured servants and enslaved African-Americans
Why were some of the Upper class called "bigwigs"?
They dressed in silks with lace ruffles and wore wigs.
What does Crevecoeur say about the spirt of industry in America?
It is unfettered and unrestrained - Each person works for himself.
What did it take for the colonists to "climb the social ladder"?
Wealth and talent
What is the American Dream?
Freedom to climb the social ladder to better one's self.
What does culture mean?
The sum of ones political, economic, religious, social, intellectual and artistic institutions.
What does PERSIA stand for?
Political - who shall be in charge
Economic - How will we make our living?
Religious - What is the meaning of life
Social - How shall we relate to others?
Intellectual- How shall we lear?
Artistic - How shall we express ourselves?
Authoritarian social system
Based on servitude or slaves - southern colonies - farms and plantations with few towns
Deference social system
Based on rank - New England and some Southern colonies - towns and cities with strong community
Egalitarian social system
based on equal rights under the law - Middle colonies
Why didn't the New Englanders farm?
Thin, rocky soil.
What was the best colonial example of direct democracy?
Town Meetings - in the New England colonies.
What group of colonies was most egalitarian?
Middle - farms and cities
What type of people formed the main voting group of the colonies?
White male property owners
What were the important things that the Southern colonies grew?
tabacco, cotton, rice and indigo
Main economic (how shall we eat?) aspects in the Middle colonies?
grain farms, seaports and iron works
Main economic (how shall we eat?) aspects in the New England colonies?
Fishing, shipbuilding, trade, naval stores and furs.
Which colonial region was the most tolerant religiously?
Religious setup in New England Colonies
Congregational Church - the state, tax-supported church(except RI)
Religious setup in Southern Colonies
Anglican church - the state church - tax-supported
Intellectual setup in the New England colonies (How shall we learn?)
First compulsory public schools started in Mass. in 1647. Scientific pursuits in all three regions.
Intellectual setup in the Middle colonies (How shall we learn?)
No public schools - Private schools run by churches and individuals.
Intellectual setup in the Southern colonies (How shall we learn?)
No public school and few private schools. - Wealthy people hired tutors for plantation schools.
What does apathy mean?
a lack of caring or interest
The Great Awakening occurred in reaction to what?
widespread religious apathy
What Dutch minister inspired the Great Awakening?
What did Great Awakening preachers do differently than old ministers?
They were more emotional - evangelical sermons
Which colonial college was founded first?
What was the largest religious group in America in 1775?
What were the results of the Great Awakening?
- growth in all denominations
- democratized Protestant religion by proclaiming salvation for all
- fostered anti-intellectualism in religion by belittling educated ministers
- spurred the founding of denominational colleges to preserve doctrinal purity among the youth
IN 1775 about how many in America were church members?
Who was John Peter Zenger?
German immigrant who was the printer for "The New - York Weekly Journal"
Why did Governor Crosby order that Zenger be arrested?
for printing and publishing several seditious libels. - anti-Crosby articles
What is seditious libel?
publishing derogatory statements that cause discontent with or rebellion against the government
What group of people decided Zenger's guilt or innocence?
Who was Zenger's lawyer?
What did Hamilton argue was a valid defense against libel?
What did the Zenger trail establish?
a precedent for freedom of the press
What did the West Indies make to ship to America?
What were the four parts of the Navigation Laws?
1- Required England's colonies to mainly trade with with England
2- Required the use of ships made in England or the other colonies
3- Forbade colonial manf. that competed with Englands
4- Required tax-stops in England when trading with other nations.
What is salutary neglect?
Non-enforced laws that benefited people
The economic theory that guided England in the 17th and 18th centuries was...
Who did the colonies trade with besides England?
West Indies and Africa
Mercantilism say that a country must regulate what..??
What did the mercantile economic theory say
A nation must have a favorable balance of trade - more gold coming in than going out of a country - and that meant that a nation must regulate its trade.
Who was Benjamin West
Americas first important artist - self taught portrait and historical painter
Who John Singleton Copley
Americas first great portrait artist
Who was Charlas Wilson Peale
"Artist of the Revolution"
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