Upgrade to remove ads
Study Guide Q's
Terms in this set (30)
1. What is dementia?
Not a disease itself it is a combo of disorders/symptoms- umbrella term to be
2. Name at least 2 of what 5 cognitive processes have to be impaired to be considered dementia?
5. Visual Perception
3. What causes Alzheimer's Disease?
plaques and tangles
4. What causes Vascular Dementia?
inadequate blood flow to the brain
5. What causes Huntington's Disease?
defective gene on chromosome 4
6. What causes Korsakoff Syndrome?
B-1 deficiency & alcohol abuse
7. What main area of cognition is impaired with BV-FTD?
8. What signature physical impairment is related to Huntington's Disease?
9. What signature physical impairment is related to LBD?
tremors/ rigid movements
10. Which type of dementia is the most common?
11. How many levels of AD are there?
12. In what level of AD can a person first be diagnosed?
13. What is the average life expectancy of someone with AD after they have been diagnosed?
14. What disease presents very similarly to LBD?
15. Which two lobes of the brain may be affected with FTD?
Frontal and temporal
16. Another name for FTD is ___
17. Name 3 forms of FTD.
BV, PPA, ALS
18. In this type of PPA, individuals lose the ability to understand or formulate words.
19. In this type of PPA, a person's speaking ability is very hesitant, labored, or ungrammatical.
nonfluent - aggrammatic
20. What is another name for ALS?
Lou Gehrig's Disease
21. The involuntary movements associated with Huntington's Disease are known as
22. AIDS and anorexia may also lead to this type of dementia:
23. Which type of encephalopathy is related to Korsakoff Syndrome?
24. When making goals for patients with dementia, what two important factors should you keep in mind?
Individualized and Functional!
Always maximize their strengths
25. What is reminiscence therapy?
Consists of having the individual reflect on their life through the use of magazines and props, etc. (helps pts. Become more confident about socializing and using their verbal skills)
26. What is spaced retrieval?
- Actively train to recall important information
- Recalling an answer over multiplying intervals of time, such as 1 minute, 2 minutes, 8 minutes, and so on, helps to cement the information in memory.
27. What type of strategy could you use to help orient a patient with dementia or help them to recall daily events?
Use of a log/diary
28. What is sundowning?
- Refers to a state of confusion occurring in the late afternoon and spanning into the night. Can cause various behaviors. May occur in elders who do not have dementia as well
29. What factors may aggravate sundowners?
Fatigue, UTI, Low lighting, Disruption of the body's internal clock
30. What can you do to reduce sundowning symptoms?
night light, do not let them nap, no caffeine, routine schedule, reduce heavy stimulation from tv before bedtime, having familiar items such as photographs in their setting to relax them
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Language Disorders in Adults - Comps
Abnormal Psychology- Chapter 14: Neurocognitive Di…
PHA 529 Exam 3-Distinguishing The Most Common Deme…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Exam 3: TBI
Seven Levels of Communicative Competence