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Test #2 chapters 4-7
Terms in this set (34)
What are the levels of maslows hierachy of needs?
- Biological needs
- safety and health
-love and belonging
-esteem and respect
What is self actualization?
What is instrinsic motivation?
Joy and love of the activity
What is extrinsic motivation?
More for the internal reason, trying to go and get to D1 for example.
What is locus of control? internal and external
Internal- things you can control
external- things you cant control
what is pleasure principle
we tend to spend more time doing things we enjoy
what is adherence?
staying with it, example not quiting and sticking with it.
what is cohesion?
Ways a group stay together
What is "turning play into work"
Taking work and rewarding the kids at the end for doing the task
What are characteristics of cohesive groups?
-More likely to attend
-enjoy it more
What are recommendations to improve adherence?
What are the goal setting guidelines, recommendations, short term, long term
Outcome goals: Winning and losing , are goal is to win.
Process goals: more statistical , example we want to force more turnovers this game
What are the common barriers to physical activity and what is #1?
- Time , barrier is anything that prevents.
What are the blue zones?
We saw higher life expencany in those areas. Better planted like diets, more physical activity. Community the way the connected with others and spiritual.
What examplles has cr has taken to earn a blue zones?
Bike trails downtown, expanding bike trails
initiative: What are the categories in the gallup-Healthways report? What does IOWArank/ what are the trends for obesity, exercise etc?
regonize descriptions of stages and order of stages in the transtheoretical model of behavior change?
- Start with precohnesive
What are the pros and cons of the affordable care act?
What are the differences between HMO and PPO insuarance options?
Recognize definitions/descriptions of the following terms: physical activity; exercise; physical fitness; absolute vs relative intensity; sarcopenia
Recognize components of physical fitness (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, body composition, and flexibility)
Recognize trend in life expectancy: "We are not living longer but
Recognize difference between, and features of, theories of aging highlighted in text and in class (e.g., caloric restriction, inherited factors, etc.)
Recognize common traits associated with longevity
Recognize the best single measure of physiological age
Recognize trends for aerobic fitness and muscle strength with age
strength goes down with age
Recognize difference between voluntary (skeletal) and involuntary (heart, digestive track, etc.) muscles
Recognize definitions/descriptions of the following terms: motor unit; actin & myosin; "all or none" principle of contraction; ATP; peripheral vs central fatigue; slow twitch vs fast twitch fibers; carbohydrate loading; overload; hypertrophy
All or none principle-
Recognize and differentiate between 3 energy pathways: 1) ATP and PCr; 2) Anaerobic; 3) Aerobic AND recognize which energy pathways provide primary energy for given activities
Recognize energy sources (carbs, fats and proteins) and roles they play in ATP production
Recognize how energy stores can be increased (e.g., creatine ingestion, carbohydrate loading, etc.)
Recognize characteristics of slow twitch and fast twitch muscle fibers
Slow twitch- Slow-twitch fibers are used to produce low-force output.
fast-twitch- fibers are used to produce larger forces.
Recognize primary roles of respiratory system, cardiovascular system, and endocrine system (hormones)
Respiratory-Brings oxygen into the body, removes CO2
Cardiovascular -Transports nutrients, oxygen, hormones, antibodies, waste, and CO2 throughout the body
endocrine- Can dictate the speed of reactions in the muscles
Recognize endurance training and strength training outcomes
Endurance training-Increase in the concentration of oxidative enzymes and size of mitochondria (power plant of cell
Strength- increase in muscle mass
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