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Nutrition Test 8
Terms in this set (44)
anyone who eats a meal high in Salk can temporarily increase his or her body water content
after about 25 years of age, regardless of calcium intake, bones begin to lose density
a deficiency or sodium is not harmful
low salt intake have been linked with lower rates of stomach cancer
the bioavailability of calcium in calcium-fortified orange juice is comparable to milk
the body will signal signal thirst before dehydration occurs to prevent problems with fluid loss
soft water contains sodium, which may aggravate hypertension
some minerals act as buffers to help maintain body fluids at the correct pH to permit life process.
the main source of iodine in the U.S is plants grown in the middle part of the country
the primary role of fluoride is to prevent dental caries throughout life
whether a person develops osteoporosis seems to depend partly on heredity and partly on the environment, including nutrition
authorities recommend find as a source of calcium in reference to calcium supplements
which of the following makes up about 60 percent of the body weight
water assists in:
the first sign of dehydration is
water excretion is regulated by the brain and the
what is the list accurate statement about the body water balance
not:the reference man and women both need 8 cups
the recommended source of fluid for health US adults is:
plain drinking WATER, BECAUSE IT IS SAFE AND NONCALORIC
Hard water has high concentrations of
calcium and magnesium
which food has the lowest percentage of water
which agency is responsible for ensuring that public water systems meet minimum standards for protections of public health
environmental protection agency
Which statement is true about groundwater as drinking water supply?
it comes from deep, protected underground aquifers
which of the following helps prevent changes in the acid-base balance of body fluids>
proteins and some minerals
what is the most abundant mineral in the body?
calcium in the body fluids performs all of the following major roles except:
helping maintain normal blood glucose
a person absorptions of calcium varies base on
age or life stage
breast-fed infants absorbs about ______ percent of ingested calcium
For women and men in the 19 to 50 year old range, the calcium DRI is _____ milligrams
the best source of phosphorus is:
over half of the body magnesium is stored in the:
the chief ion used to maintain the volume of fluid outside cells is:
adults in the United States consume an average of ____ milligrams per day sodium
what is the principal positively charged ion inside body cells?
the principle food source of chloride is
sulfate is adequate in a diet that contains sufficent
which element must be available for thyroxine to be synthesized?
which of the following impairs iron absorption
what is the DRi iron intakes recommendations for men and women over 51 years old?
which food provides the highest amount of zinc?
which food provides the least amount of available zinc?
which element stabilizes bones and makes teeth resistant to decay?
a zinc toxicity reduces
chromium works closely
the best way to obtain the calcium you need is to:
consume more milk, cheese, and yogurt.
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