88 terms

Jacksonian Era (Test 4)


Terms in this set (...)

Who was Parson Weens
Writer who idolized George Washington made the story of the cherry chopping tree
Andrew Jackson
known for stopping the National Bank, the tariff of abominations and The Indian Removal act
Adapted to American living, went to the Supreme Court for right to stay during Indian removal act but still get removed by Jackson
National Banking
Removed by Andrew Jackson, local banks decided the interest rates and loans so the economy crashes.
spoiles system
system started by Jefferson and expanded by Jackson where people who helped a president get elected got jobs from them. (jobs for support)
Frederick Jackson Turner
Famous historian, theory to American history, America is great since the common man had to fight for it
Martin Van Buren
8th President, known for the panic if 1837 which was the backfire of Andrew Jackson terminating the National back
Arrostook War
Diferent groups (British and American territory) claimed diferent areas and fought over them (not actually wars) just barfights and violence. Van Buren Cooled down the disputes and Daniel Webster from Massachusetts settled the border disputes.
General at the Battle of Tippecanoe and he ran with Tyler "Tippecanoe and Tyler To" Made opposition party against Jackson "The Whigs"
Party that was made in opposition to Jackson. Had the same ideals as the federalist party that previously died out.
Party led by Jackson - "Common Man"; pro states' rights; against the BUS. based of democratic Republicans that previously died out.
a Democrat who looses against Henry clay he later runs with Harrison as vice and after Harrison dies he becomes president and gets nothing done. Tyler has democratic beliefs but Is painted as a whig traitor so Democrats and Whigs don't agree with anything.
James K. Polk
U.S president. Underrated, began manifest destiny, said he'd take over Texas Mexico and The Oregon territory then quit
Texas Independence
Gained independence at 1835
140 people died
Fiercest tribe
Steven Austin
Brought 300 American families to Austin Texas in 1821
Santa Anna
Dictator of Mexico, takes over Texas and destroys constitution. Fights battle of Gonzalez and The Alamo against Houston
Battle of Gonzales
Beginning of Texas revolution. Texans repulsed a detachment of Mexican cavalry. 500 Texans got killed
Alamo Battle
where Texans fought Santa Anna and his soldiers at an old mission church. 140 texans died
Texas Statehood
1846 Santa Anna Signs independence for Texas under threat of death
Oregon Trail
route taken to Oregon by westward settlers through the Rockies' South Pass
Willamette Valley
Good soil as stated in Louis's journal. people moved there cause of that
Oregon Territory Dispute
"54 40 or fight" 54 40 lat is the northern boarder if Oregon. 54 48 is the northern border of America.
Washington Treaty 1846-1848
Settles border dispute, splits Oregon in northern and southern halves north for Britain south for America
Annex of Texas
in 1846 Texas asked to become a state to be protected from Mexico
America paid damaged claimed by Americans
southern border of Texas was debated
James Polk
promises California, Oregon Territory, to lower tarry fs and make an independent treasury ( power to federal government) Polk didn't promise Mexico (texAs but he actually wanted to although it was unpopular
Spot Resolutions
First time Lincoln gets recognized
Treaty of Gaudalupe Hidalgo
.we take all land from Texas to California from Mexico
.Rio grande is the border of Texas
.u.s pays 15 million for California
.us pays 3 million to u.s citizens who lost land to Mexico
.reason we didn't take over all of Mexico was Catholics
Cotton Gin
A machine that removed seeds from cotton fiber, made by Eli Whitney increased slavery and production by 50 times
mostly in the north due to their fast flowing rivers
needed cheap goods for pushing west (manifest destiny)
John Deere
Invented the steel plow, steel plow made Louisiana territory farmable
A device that used electrical signals to send messages quickly over long distances made by morse
Fulton steamboat
Used steam engine to power boat
made a horse drawn scythe
Sewing Machine
Consequences of industrial revolution
Cotton become most important crop in the south (previously was Tabacco)

Interchangeable parts (by Eli Whitney and Fulton) which speeds up production of rifles and other things

railroads move goods quickly, Regions specialize in their own products
(south, cotton) (north, factories)(west food)
South got ****ed in the civil war with their only resource being cotton but they turned it around and sold it to Britain for materials.
Labor unions become more prominent
Cult of Domesticity
a belief that married women should restrict their activities to their home and family. women began to do things for the community
Republican Women
Job of women to raise healthy intelligent Patriotic children
where women had meetings that led to moments like abolitionists and the temperance movement
Temperature movement
Movement aimed to stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it
Abolitionist Movement
The movement to end slavery
the Great Awakening
A revival of religious feeling in the American colonies during the 1730s and 1750s
The 2nd Great Awakening
a wave of religious fervor spread through a series of camp meeting revivals
style of worship meant to elicit powerful emotions to gain converts
Burn Over District
The burned-over district is the western and central regions of New York in the early 19th century, where religious revivals and the formation of new religious movements of the Second Great Awakening took place The term was coined by Charles Grandison Finney,
Millenarian utopian community founded by mother Ann Lee. "no sex more than one time a month" created food to repress sexual urges (graham crackers)
Alexis de Tocqueville
French political writer noted for his analysis of American institutions (1805-1859) "religion has a greater impact on Americans rather than Europeans"
college founded in 1701 as an alternative to the increasing worldliness of Harvard. To graduate you needed to go over seas as a missionary and spread democratic/Christian ideals
Joseph Smith
founder of the Mormon church
Book of Mormon
Smith, biggest diference from other religions was the belief in polygamy
Brigham Young and the Mormons
second leader of the Mormons who led them to Salt Lake City, Utah to settle
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Crusaded against slavery before organizing a movement for women's rights.
The Freemasons, an international secret society
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Horce Mann
Pushes for teachers to require an education in teaching. (standard books and standard teaching)
Moral Reform
"Moral reform" was a campaign in the 1830s and '40s to abolish licentiousness, prostitution, and the sexual double standard, and to promote sexual abstinence among the young as they entered the marriage market.
fallen women
a women who has sinned sexually in the eyes of society. (prostitutes)
Sarah Ingraham
Led moral reform
Dorthea Dix
She established hospitals for the mentally and physically disabled.
Female Writers
Loisa Alcott (little women) Emily Dickinson (poetry)
Seneca Falls Convention
the first organized public meeting about women's rights held in the United States. in new York
McGuffy Readers
One text book with all the subjects. first standard textbook
Abolitionist movement begins here, alot of the quakers are here
Protestant reformers who believe in the equality of all people
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
"Wrote women and the equality of the sexist" Angelina was the first woman to be invited to speak at the Massachusetts legislature
Sarah Hale
Creates the magazine "women's stuff" "goody ladies book" periodical magazine had recipes issues such as slavery home care and topics on education made thanks giving. modernly known as homes and gardens
New Harmony
Utopia not tied to religion, made by Robert Owen believed in living in harmony with nature. Harmonites include George Rapp, he takes over from Owen and adds definition to new harmony (socialism and pacifism)
Robert Fulton
Invented the steamboat
Robert Owen
a Utopian who set up a model community at his cotton mill in Scotland
Oneida Community
Made by John Humphrey Noyes. Believed in free love and that God made us perfect
one with nature, Less government is better since the government restricts who people really are. self reliance and non conformity
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist, wrote "Walden" and "Civil Disobedience"
Waldo Emerson
Brooks Farm
Amana Colonies
Utopia, "if you can't produce it you don't need it"
A grant of legal freedom to an individual slave.
John Marshall
first person to see slavery as a big problem
Missouri Compromise
Settled the conflict that had arisen from Missouri's application for statehood (no slavery above the 36th parallel except Missouri
Mexican War (1846-1848)
Caused slavery due to all the new territories would become slave states
Wilmot Proviso
1846 proposal that outlawed slavery in any territory gained from the War with Mexico pisses off south because it goes back on the Missouri compromise
Frederick Douglass
leading African American abolitionist; accomplished orator and writer. Exagerates the things wrong with slavery
Harriet Tubman
famous leader of the underground railroad
Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and feminist who spoke against slavery and for the rights of women
David Walker
A free African American who urged blacks to take their freedom by force. Preacher at a church. him and church got burned down by dem northerners