24 terms

Medical Science Final, Endocrine System

This includes questions and answers from all the tests this semester. The systems we did were the Circulatory System, Lymphatic System, Respiratory System, Digestive System, Urinary System, Endocrine System, Male Reproductive System, Female Reproductive System, Nutrition, Death and Dying.
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Terms in this set (...)

The endocrine system is a ductless system.
TRUE
Hormones are chemical messengers that are secreted directly into the bloodstream.
TRUE
The parathyroid gland is often called the "master gland" since it produces many hormones that affect other glands.
FALSE
The thyroid gland is located in front of the upper part of the trachea.
TRUE
The pineal body atrophies during puberty.
FALSE
Giantism results from a lack of somatotropin. (Growth hormone)
FALSE
A goiter is an enlargement of the parathyroid gland.
FALSE
Type 1 (IDDM) diabetes mellitus is the mature-onset form of diabetes and frequently occurs in obese adults.
FALSE
The thymus activates cells in the immune system early in life.
TRUE
Dwarfism is characterized by small body size, short extremities, lack of sexual development, and mental retardation.
FALSE
Testes are the sex glands of the female.
FALSE
The adrenal glands secrete hormones that regulate menstruation and secondary sexual characteristics.
FALSE
Type ll Diabetes is controlled with diet and or medications.
TRUE
Insulin for metabolism of glucose.
Pancreas
Thyrotropin to stimulate growth and secretion of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary
Testosterone to stimulate growth and development of sex organs in the male.
Testes
Stimulate the secretion of milk
Pituitary
The production of antibodies in early life
Thymus
Estrogen to stimulate the growth of the reproductive organs in the female.
Ovary
Epinephrine to activate the sympathetic nervous system.
Adrenal
Somatotropin to stimulate normal body growth.
Pituitary
Oxytocin to cause contraction of the uterus during childbirth.
Pituitary
List two functions of hormones
Regulate growth & Development, Maintain Chemicals Balances
What is a goiter?
A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland