US History Semester 1 Unit 2 Expanded- The American Revolution and Constitution
Terms in this set (24)
17th century English philosopher whose writings on political theory and government profoundly affected US law and society
era in Western philosophy and intellectual, scientific, and cultural life, in which science and reason was advocated as the primary source for legitimacy; Nature not religion should provide authority.
a religious revival in American religious history
Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; "Join or Die"
Proclamation of 1763
Forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains after the French and Indian War
No Taxation without Representation
Colonists did not want to be taxed if they did not have a voice in Britain's Parliament.
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War
A leader of the American Revolution who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies; "Give me liberty or give me death"
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British troops in 1777 that was a turning point in the American Revolution; French allied with the colonists against Britain.
Battle of Yorktown
1781 American victory in Virginia that forced the British to surrender; last major battle.
Treaty of Paris
(1783) peace agreement that officially ended the revolutionary war and established an independent United States of America; gave the US all land east of the Mississippi except Florida.
Law that set up a government for the Northwest Territory and a plan for admitting new states to the Union; viewed as one successful action under the Articles of Confederation
A compromise that proposed two houses of Congress; one where a state's population would determine representation and another where all states were represented equally
Three Fifths Compromise
Compromise reached in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes
Formal approval or consent
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be a separate nation; convinced many to support independence.
Declaration of Independence
(1776) Document explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain, inspired by John Locke's ideas about government protecting life, liberty, and property.
Articles of Confederation
First governing document of US - created a WEAK central government; issues with trade - different currencies in each state, tariffs on goods traded between states; did pass Northwest Ordinance to provide for western settlement and statehood.
French and Indian War
War fought by French and British on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley. Although the British won, they were left with deep debt that resulted in new taxes on the colonies and increased tensions.
Sugar and Stamp Acts
Placed taxes on goods typical colonists used. Colonists began protesting "no taxation without representation" and refused to buy British goods.
Forced colonists to buy tea from the British East India company
series of laws passed in 1774 to punish Boston for the Tea Party
Place where Washington's army spent the very hard winter of 1777-1778, 1/4 of troops died here from disease and malnutriton
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