How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

38 terms

Chapter 10 & 11

STUDY
PLAY
Hypothalamus
Part of the brain that controls body temperature, sleep, appetite, emotions, and control of the pituitary gland.
Neurorrhaphy
Suture of a divided nerve.
Motor nerve
Travel from the spinal cord and brain to muscles of the body, telling them how to respond.
Myelin sheath
Covering of white fatty tissue that surrounds and insulates the axon of a nerve cell.
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cell.
Meningioma
Slowly growing benign tumor.
Hyperkinesis
A state of overactive restlessness
Neurasthenia
mechanical weakness of a nerve.
Paresis
Weakness
Demyelination
Destruction of myelin on the axons of nerves.
Syncopal
Sudden and temporary loss of conscience.
Paresthesia
A sensation of tickling, tingling, burning, or numbness of a persons skin.
Palliative
Relieving symptoms, but not curing.
Aura
Peculiar sensation appearing before more definite symptoms.
Dementia
Mental decline and deterioration.
Intrathecal
Within a sheath; through the theca of the spinal cord into the subarachnoid space.
Parenchymal
Performs the essential functions of an organ.
Synapse
Space through which the nervous impulse travels between nerve cells or between nerve and muscle or glandular cells.
Cerebellum
Posterior part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance.
Gait
Manner of walking.
Aneurysm
Abnormal widening of a blood vessel
Angina
Chest pain resulting from myocardial ischemia.
Arrhythmias
Disorder of a heart rate (pulse).
Beta blockers
Help to reduce the force and speed of the heartbeat and lower blood pressure.
Claudication
Pain, tension, and weakness in a leg after walking has begun, but absence of pain at rest.
Congestive heart failure
Heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood.
Cyanosis
Bluish discoloration of skin.
Emboli
Clot or other substance that travels to a distant location and suddenly blocks a blood vessel.
Endocarditis
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.
Essential hypertension
High blood pressure with no identifiable cause.
Hemorrhoids
Varicose veins near the anus.
Mitral valve prolaps
Collapsing of the mitral valve.
Murmur
abnormal swishing sound caused by improper closure of the heart valves.
Occlusion
Closure of a blood vessel due to blockage
Palpitations
Uncontrollable sensations in the chest related to cardiac arrhythmias.
Patent ductus arteriosus
Passageway between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remains open after birth.
Raynaud phenomenon
Recurrent episodes of discoloration primarily in the fingers and toes.
Tetralogy of Fallot
Congenital malformation involving four distinct heart defects.