How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

99 terms

Chapters 12-14

STUDY
PLAY
anosmia
loss of smell.
bronchiectasis
Caused by weakening of the bronchial wall from infection.
bronchiolitis
Inflammation of the bronchiole.
bronchodilator
Drug that causes dilation/enlargement of the opening of the bronchus to improve ventilation.
diaphragm
Muscle separating the chest and abdomen.
dyspnea
Shortness of breath (abnormal breathing).
epiglottis
Lid like piece of cartilage that covers the Larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing.
hemoptysis
Spitting up of blood.
hypercapnia
Condition where there is to much carbon dioxide in the blood.
laryngeal
Pertaining to the Larynx
mediastinum
Region between the lungs in the chest cavity (Contains the trachea, heart, aorta) etc.
pharyngeal
Pertaining to the Pharynx.
pleuritis
Inflammation of the pleura.
pneumonectomy
Surgical removal of a lung.
pulmonary parenchyma
Essential tissue of the lung.
pyothorax
Empyema of the chest.
rhinoplasty
Surgical repair of the nose.
spirometer
An apparatus for measuring the volume of air inspired and expired by the lungs.
thoracotomy
Large surgical incision of the chest.
tracheotomy
incision necessary to create a tracheostomy.
myeloma
Cancer of plasma cells.
erythropoiesis
The process by which red blood cells are produced.
bilirubin
Is a yellowish pigment found in bile, a fluid made by the liver. It is produced when the liver breaks down old red blood cells.
fibrinogen
A protein produced by the liver. This protein helps stop bleeding by helping blood clots to form.
platelet
An irregularly shaped cell-like particle in the blood that is an important part of blood clotting.
poikilocytosis
Abnormally shaped red blood cells
leukapheresis
The removal of a quantity of white blood cells from the blood of a donor with the remaining portions of the blood retransfused into the donor.
thalassemia
A blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin.
thrombocytopenia
Disorder in which there is an abnormally low amount of platelets.
coagulation
Process by which blood forms clots.
macrophage
Monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces. It is a phagocyte that engulfs foreign material.
neutrophil
A phagocytic tissue-fighting cell.
albumin
Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood.
pernicious anemia
Caused when the body does not make enough red blood cells due to lack of vitamin B12.
palliative
Relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease.
myleogenous
A cancer of the white blood cells.
immunoglobin
Any of a group of large glycoproteins that are secreted by plasma cells and that function as antibodies in the immune system.
polycythemia vera
General increase in red blood cells.
Adenoids
Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx.
Alveolus
Air sac in the lung.
Apex of the lung
Tip or uppermost portion of the lung.
Base of the lung
Lower portion of the lung.
Bronchioles
Smallest branches of the bronchi.
Bronchus
Branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the lung; bronchial tube.
Cilia
Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract.
Expiration
Breathing out
Glottis
Slit-like opening to the larynx
hilum
Midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs.
inspiration
Breathing in.
Larynx
Voice Box; containing the vocal cord.
Lobe
Division of a lung.
Nares
Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities.
Palatine tonsil
One of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx.
Paranasal sinus
One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose.
Pharynx
Throat
Antigen
Substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of an antibody.
Electrophoresis
Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge.
Eosinophil
White blood cell containing granules that stain red.
Fibrin
Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot.
Fibrinogen
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process.
Hemolysis
Destruction or breakdown of blood.
Erythroblast
Immature red blood cells.
Neutropenia
A condition of an abnormally low number of neutrophils (white blood cells).
Myeloid
Derived from, or resembling bone marrow or the spinal cord.
Axillary Nodes
Lymph nodes in the armpit.
Cervical Nodes
Lymph nodes in the neck region.
Cytotoxic T Cell
T lymphocyte that directly kills foreign cells.
Helper T cell
Lymphocyte that aids B cells and cytotoxic T cells in recognizing antigens and stimulating antibody production.
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies that are secreted by plasma cells in response to the presence of an antigen.
Inguinal Nodes
Lymph nodes in the groin region.
Interferons
Proteins secreted by T cells to aid and regulate the immune response.
Interstitial Fluid
Fluid in the spaces between cells.
Lymph Capillaries
Tiniest lymphatic vessels.
Lymph Nodes
A collection of stationary solid lymphatic tissue alone lymph vessels.
Mediastinal Nodes
Lymph nodes in the area between the lungs in the thoracic cavity.
Plasma Cell
Lymphocyte that produces and secretes antibodies.
Right lymphatic duct
Large lymphatic vessel in the chest that receives lymph from the upper right part of the body.
Spleen
Organ near the stomach produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells.
Suppressor T cell
Lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T lymphocytes.
Thoracic duct
Large Lymphatic vessel in the chest that receives lymph from below the diaphragm and from the left side of the body and above the diaphragm.
Thymus Gland
Organ in the mediastinum that conditions T lymphocytes to react to foreign cells and aide in the immune response.
Toxin
Poison; a protein produced by certain bacteria, animals, or plants.
Immun/o
Protection
Splen/o
Spleen
Thym/o
Thymus Gland
Inter
Between
Hyper
Above; excessive.
Edema
Swelling
Inguin/o
Groin
Tox/o
Poison
Axill/o
Armpit
Cervic/o
neck; cervix (neck of the uterus)
Pathy
Disease
Lymphaden/o
Lymph gland
Penia
Deficiency
Poiesis
Formation
Phylaxis
Protection
Oid
Resembling; derived from
Retro
Behind; backward