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(A minute freshwater cnidarian with a stalklike tubular body and a ring of tentacles around the mouth.)
(A green, single-celled aquatic organism that forms minute, free-swimming spherical colonies.)
(A small flowerless green plant with leaflike stems or lobed leaves, occurring in moist habitats. Liverworts lack true roots and reproduce by means of spores released from capsules.)
(A flattened sea urchin that lives partly buried in sand, feeding on detritus (waste or debris).)
(A tree that bears cones and evergreen needlelike or scalelike leaves. Conifers are of major importance as the source of softwood, and also supply resins and turpentine.)
(Amoeba are naked freshwater or marine or parasitic protozoa that form temporary pseudopods for feeding and locomotion.)
(A widely distributed edible organism that has a brown oval or pointed fruiting body with an irregular honeycombed surface bearing the spores.)
(A tiny and semitransparent freshwater crustacean with long antennae and prominent eyes, often used as food for aquarium fish.)
(A small flowerless green plant that lacks true roots, growing in low carpets or rounded cushions in damp habitats and reproducing by means of spores released from stalked capsules.)
(A mushroom (or toadstool) is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a particular organism, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source. )
Sulfolobus acidocaldarius ("Salt-Lover")
(Sulfolobus is located almost wherever there is volcanic activity. They strive in environments where the temperature is about 80 degrees C with a pH at about 3 and sulfur present.)
Escherichia coli (E. coli)
(A type of bacterium which lives within the digestive system of animals and humans. There are several strains of these bacteria but the 0157:H7 strain is pathogenic and a cause of food poisoning in humans.)
(Starfish are among the most familiar of marine animals found on the seabed. They typically have a central disc and five arms, though some species have many more arms than this. The aboral or upper surface may be smooth, granular or spiny, and is covered with overlapping plates. Many species are brightly coloured in various shades of red or orange, while others are blue, grey, brown, or drab. Starfish have tube feet operated by a hydraulic system and a mouth at the centre of the oral or lower surface. They are opportunistic feeders and are mostly predators on benthic invertebrates. Several species having specialized feeding behaviours, including suspension feeding and adaptations for feeding on specific prey. They have complex life cycles and can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most can regenerate damaged or lost arms.)
(A green, single-celled, freshwater organism with a flagellum, sometimes forming a green scum on stagnant water.)
(A large marine crustacean with a cylindrical body, stalked eyes, and the first of its five pairs of limbs modified as pincers.)
(A single-celled freshwater animal that has a characteristic slipperlike shape and is covered with cilia.)
diatoms & dinoflagellates
(Diatoms (left) - A single-celled alga that has a cell wall of silica. Many kinds are planktonic, and extensive fossil deposits have been found.
Dinoflagellates (right) - A single-celled organism with two flagella, occurring in large numbers in marine plankton and also found in fresh water. Some produce toxins that can accumulate in shellfish, resulting in poisoning when eaten.)
(Brittle stars are echinoderms that are closely related to starfish. They crawl across the seafloor using their flexible arms for locomotion.
(Jellyfish or jellies are the major non-polyp form of individuals of the phylum Cnidaria. They are typified as free-swimming marine animals consisting of a gelatinous umbrella-shaped bell and trailing tentacles.)
Methanococcus voltae ("Methane-maker")
(A single-celled organism. It belongs to a specific group called methanogens, or methane producers. Archaeabacteria thrive under extreme environmental conditions. Methanogenic archaeobacterium occur in anaerobic environments, such as the intestinal tracts of animals, freshwater and marine sediments, and sewage. They are capable of producing methane from limited chemicals.
(Corals are marine invertebrates in phylum Cnidaria typically living in compact colonies of many identical individual "polyps".)
(Giardia is a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrheal illness known as giardiasis. Giardia is found on surfaces or in soil, food, or water that has been contaminated with feces (poop) from infected humans or animals.)
(Sponges are animals of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"). They are multicellular organisms which have bodies full of pores and channels allowing water to circulate through them.)
common mold (bread mold)
(Rhizopus stolonifer (black bread mold) is a widely distributed thread-like Mucoralean mold. Commonly found on bread surfaces, it takes food and nutrients from the bread and causes damage to the surface where it lives.)
(Water molds are always found in wet environments, especially in fresh water sources and near the upper layers of moist soil.)
(Sea anemones are Cnidarian animals that live in the sea. They are polyps, one of the basic forms of the phylum. They are predatory animals, which paralyse their prey with stinging nematocysts which fire a harpoon-like structure which delivers a dose of neurotoxins.)
(The term mildew is often used generically to refer to mold growth, usually with a flat growth habit. Molds can thrive on many organic materials, including clothing, leather, paper, and the ceilings, walls and floors of homes or offices with poor moisture control. There are many species of mold. The black mold which grows in attics, on window sills, and other places where moisture levels are moderate often is Cladosporium. Color alone is not always a reliable indicator of the species of mold. )
(A parasitic flatworm, the adult of which lives in the intestine of humans and other vertebrates. It has a long ribbonlike body with many segments that can become independent, and a small head bearing hooks and suckers.)
Thermus aquaticus = "heat-lover"
(Thermus aquaticus is a species of bacterium that can tolerate high temperatures. It thrives at 70°C (160°F), but can survive at temperatures of 50°C to 80°C (120°F to 175°F).)
(A truffle is one of a type of subterranean mushroom, or the fruiting body of such a mushroom. They have been called "the diamond of the kitchen.)
(S. aureus is not always pathogenic, it is a common cause of skin infections (e.g. boils), respiratory disease (e.g. sinusitis), and food poisoning.)
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