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Aztecs 24 25

Aztec questions that may be answered after studying chs. 24 and 25 in History Alive.
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Aztecs
A Mesoamerican culture who built a vast empire in central Mexico.
Lake Texcoco
Aztec legend states that their priests saw an eagle with a snake in its beak on an island in this lake.
Tenochtitlan
Aztec city meaning "the place of the fruit of the prickly pear cactus"
Mexica
As a nomadic band of hunter gatherers, the Aztecs originally called themselves this name
mercenary
a soldier who is paid to fight for another country or group
alliance
a group of countries, city-states, or other entities who agree to work together, often to fight common enemies
plaza
place where the Aztecs gathered in the center of Tenochtitlan for religious rituals, feasts, and festivals
causeway
a raised road built across water or low ground
Five million
At its height, the Aztec empire included this many people
early 1500s
The Aztec empire was at its largest and strongest during this period of time
tribute
The Aztecs relied upon this form of payment from the surrounding people
Huitzilopochtli
The Aztecs believed that this chief god required human blood for survival
Five main classes
Aztec society was divided into this number of classes
The Ruler
the top of the Aztec hierarchy
The Ruler
this position was not hereditary
hereditary
passed on from parent to child; inherited
semidivine
more than human but not fully a god
government officials, priests, and military leaders
the Aztec noble class consisted of these three groups
pochteca
the highest class of commoners (traders) were called
pochteca
lived in a separate section of Tenochtitlan and paid taxes with rare goods
commoners
craftspeople and artisans like potters and jewelers were members of this social class
commoners
most farmers, fishers, laborers and servants were members of this social class
calpulli
a neighborhood that is a political unit within a city
calpulli or ward
plots of farm land were loaned to commoners by this group
prisoners of war, lawbreakers, and debtors
slaves included these three groups
peasants
free people who were considered inferior to commoners
peasants
this group was not loaned land by the calpulli so they hired out their services to nobles
the groom's family
chose the bride for an Aztec marriage
matchmaker
an older woman who was hired to help arrange an Aztec marriage
polygamy
marriage practice in which a man or a woman has more than one spouse
dowry
a gift of money or goods presented to a man or a woman upon marriage
the bride's family
this family set a dowry before the marriage
physical abuse, desertion, failure to support
Accepted reasons for Aztec women to divorce men
neglect home duties, have a poor temper, produce no children
Accepted reasons for an Aztec man to divorce a woman
to bear and care for children
Aztecs believed this was a woman's most important job
to be a soldier
commoner boys trained at school for this task
to be priests, government officials, or military commanders
sons of nobles learned these three skills at their school
maize
this food was the mainstay of the Aztec diet
winged ants and an axolotl (lizardlike creature)
wealthy Aztecs might eat these two prized delicacies
Barter or trade
Instead of a money exchange, Aztecs used this practice within the market
the sun god or Huitziilopochtli
the Aztec chief god
nourish or "feed" the god blood
Aztecs believed that this was the way to keep their sun god strong
warriors captured in battle
Aztecs believed that this group had particularly "strong blood"
cutting off women's heads
Aztecs honored the goddess of corn in this manner
patolli
board game played by the Aztecs
tlachtli
ball game played by the nobility
the world
the tlachtli court represents this
a heavenly body
the ball used in the game of tlachtli represents this
codex
a type of bark-paper book used by the Aztec to record historical, religious, governmental, and scientific knowledge
Mexico City
Tenochtitlan existed near to this modern day city
1.) the ruler; 2.) nobles consisting of government officials, priests, and military leaders; 3.) commoners; 4.) peasants; 5.) slaves
five Aztec classes in order from highest to lowest
Nahuatl
Aztec language
a temple
What building was at the center of Tenochtitlan was the city's most important building?
that the people pay tribute to the Aztec emperor
What did the Aztecs demand of the people they conquered?
A group of advisors would choose the next emperor.
How did the Aztecs choose their emperor?
the priests
Which group of Aztecs studied the sky, predicted the future, and ran the schools?
corn
What is maize?