41 terms

Med Term Chapter 1

The construction of medical Words
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Terms in this set (...)

Gastric
Gastr-stomach ic-pertaining to
Pertaining to the stomach
epigastric
abdominal region above the stomach
epi- above
hypogastric
abdominal region below the stomach
hypo- below
Lateral
later- al
pertaining to the side
bilateral
pertaining to both sides of the body
bi-two
later-side
al- pertaining to
macrocyte
Large red blood cell
macro-large
cyte-cell
macrocytic
macro-large
cyte-cell
ic -pertaining to
mature
fully developed
mature-ready
premature
occuring before the expected time
pre-before
mature-ready
microcyte
Small red blood cell
micro-small
cyte-cell
ic-pertaining to
microcytic
pertaining to a small red blood cell
natal
nat-birth
al-pertaining to
peri-around
post-after
pre- before
pneumothorax
air in the pleural cavity
pneum/o air, lung
thorax-chest
cardiologist
A medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disorders.
logist-specializing in
cardi/o-heart
logy- study of
cardiomyopothy
Disease of the heart muscle, the myocadium
disease
diagnosis
diagnostic
diagnose
prognosis
pertaining to or establishing a diagnosis
dia-complete
gnosis- knowledge of an abnormal condition
tic-pertaining to
gnose-recognize an abonormal condition
pro-before
A forcast of the probable course and outcome of a disease.
electrocardiogram
record of the electrical activity of the heart
gram-record
electr/o electricity
cardio-heart
infarct
infarction
an area of necrosis (tissue death) due to sudden blockage of a blood supply.
In-in
farct-area of dead tissue
ion-action, condition
ischemia
ischemic
lack of blood supply to the tissue
emia-a blood condition
isch-to block
emic-petaining to a condition of the blood
myocardial
myocardium
Pertaining to the heart muscle
al-pertaining to
my/o muscle
cardi-heart
um-structure
axilla
axillae-plural
axillary-adj
armpit-latin term for
-ary pertaining to
dementia
Chronic, progressive, irreversible loss of intellectual and mental functions.
-ia condition
de-without
-ment-mind
ganglion
ganglia-plural
A fluid filled cyst or a collection of nerve cells outside the brain and spinal cord.
Greek-a swelling or knot
ileum
ilium
ilia plural
Third protion of the small intestine.
Large wing shaped bone at the upper and posterior part of the pelvis.
Latin to twist or roll up
Latin groin
mucus noun
muccous adj
mucosa
Sticky secretions of cells in muccous membranes
pertaining to mucus of the mucosa
lining of a tubular structure that secretes mucus
Greek-slime
-ous pertaining to
muc-mucus
osa-full of
prostate
prostrate
prostration noun
Organ surrounding the urethra at the base of the male urinary bladder.
To lay flat or to be overcome by physical weakness and exhaustion.
Greek one who stands before you
before
Latin-to stretch out
reflex
reflux
an involuntary response to a stimulus
backward flow
Latin to bend back
Latin backward flow
Septum
septa plural
a thin wall separation two cavities or two tissue masses
Latin- a partition
cervical
cervix
Pertaining to the cervix or the neck area
Lower part of the uterus
al-pertaining to
cevic-neck
Latin-neck
hypertension
hypertensive
hypotension
hypotensive
Persistent high arterial blood pressure
petaining to or suffering from high blood pressure
Persistent low arterial blood pressure
pertaining to or suffering from low blood pressure
-ion conditon, action
hyper-above normal
-tens-pressure
ive-pertaining to
hypo-below normal
infusion
transfusion
introduction of a substance other than blood intravenously.
transfer of blood or a blood component from a doner to a recipient.
in-in
fusion-to pour
trans-across, through
intravenous
inside a vein
ous pertaining to
intra-within, inside
ven-vein
neurology
neurologist
Medical specialty of disorders of the nervous system
Medical specialtist in disorders of the nervous system
protocol
Detailed plan, in this case, for a regimen of therapy.
latin-contents page of a book
ureter
urethra
urology
Tube that connects a kidney to the urinary bladder
Canal leading from the bladder to the outside
Medical speccialty of disorders fo the urinary system
uterus
Organ in which an egg develops into a fetus
latin-womb
vertebra
vertebrae plural
one of the bones of the spinal column
Latin bone in the spine
pneumonia
infection in the lung
pneum-o lung
ia- a condition of
pulmonaology
pulmon-o lung
ology is the study of
pulmonary
pulmon- lung
ary-pertaining to
repiration
respir- to breath
ation-a process
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