Democracy Reform People

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Horace Mann
Massachusetts education reformer who sought improved facilities, expanded curriculum, and higher teacher pay
Lucy Stone
Broke with traditional ideas of marriage by keeping her "maiden" or birth name
Noah Webster
Textbook and dictionary publisher, known as the "Schoolmaster of the Republic"
Susan B. Anthony
Militant women's rights lecturer; with Stanton she founded the National Women's Suffrage Association
Emma Willard
Helped to further women's education by founding the Troy Female Seminary in 1821
William Ladd
Well-known pacifist speaker and member of the American Peace Society
Elizabeth Blackwell
Doctor and first female graduate of a medical college
Robert Owen
Idealistic Scottish industrialist whose attempt at a communal utopia in America failed
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Leading feminist who wrote the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848
Lucretia Mott
Quaker women's rights advocate who also strongly supported abolition
Dorothea Dix
Reformer who substantially improved conditions for the mentally ill
John C. Calhoun
made the South Carolina Exposition
Henry Clay
introduced the Tariff of 1833 (gradually reduced the Tariff of 1832 by about 10% over 8 years)
Nicholas Biddle
president of the Bank of the US, held an immense possibly unconstitutional amount of power over the nation's financial affairs
Joseph Smith
formed the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1830 when he deciphered the Book of Mormon from some golden plates given to him by an angel; led the Mormons to Illinois
Brigham Young
after Joseph Smith was killed in 1844, he led the Mormons to Utah to avoid persecution
David Walker
militant free black abolitionist/writer, advocated an end to white supremacy, lives in the North, wrote the Appeal to the Colored Citizens
William Lloyd Garrison
radical abolitionist, wrote a strong-willed newspaper about anti-slavery ("The Liberator"), publicly burned a copy of the Constitution, part of the American Anti-Slavery Society
Sojourner Truth
freed black woman who fought for black emancipation and women's rights
Frederick Douglass
black abolitionist, lectured frequently, looked to politics to end slavery, wrote an autobiography
Elijah Lovejoy
abolitionist who was killed in a gun battle with a anti-abolitionist mob; became known as "the martyr abolitionist"