During the 1920's, how were immigrants from souhtern and eastern Europe affected by the new quota system of immigration?
They found it much more difficult to immigrate.
In addition to closing its gates to eastern European immigrants in the 1920's, the United States also
expirenced increasing anti-Semitism.
One of the new urban social patterns of the 1920's was the
emergence of the idea of intrafamily democracy.
"The Chicago School" of urban sociology and accounts of the "lady murderesses" Beluah Annan and Belva Gaertner rflected societal concerns about
In the 1920's,______________led the campaign for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution
The 1920's saw immnese changes in popular culture becaue of the two new technologies of
motion pictures and radios
The Sac and Fox Indian who was propbably the greatest all-around athlete of the twentieth century was
The "Sultan of Swat" who trasnformed baseball during the 1920's with his hitting prowess was
In the 1920's, many rural Americans thought of the new city-oriented culture as
blighted by sin and materialism
The popular politician who was the greates asset of religious fundamentalists campaigning against teaching Darwin's theory of evolution in the schools was
William Jenning's Bryan
The chif councel for the defendant, John T. Scopes, in the famous "Monkey Trial" was
A major factor in the collapse of the Ku Klux Klan in the late 190's was the
growing public awareness of its cruelty.
The Sacco-Vanzetti case that inspired many intectuals implied that American justice had little sympathy towards
The expatriate novelist Ernest Hemingway
portrayed a world of rootless desperation, amorality, and outrage at life's meaninlessness.
In an effort to escape postwar life and culture, which of the following authored a potrait of the nineteenth century?
America's foremost cynic of the 1920's, who displayed witty contempt for almost everything was?
H. L. Mencken
Probably America's most popular novelist of the 1920's,___________satirized contemporary society in Main Street and Babbit
The leader of the Universal Negro Imprvement Association, whose slogan was "Back to Africa," was
The flourishing of black literature, theatre, and music during the twenties was known as the
The most important cause of prosperity during the "new era" was the
imporved efficiency among American manufacturers.
Bruce Barton's best-selling book, The Man Nobody Knows, described
Jesus as the founder of modern business
During the 1920's, the___________industry had the single most important impact on the nation's booming economy.
It would be accurate to say that Henry Ford
realized mass production could make a car cheap enough for the average consumer
The almost simultaneous developments in airplanes and automobiles in the early twentieth century were due to the fact that both developments were stimulated by the
invention of the internal combustion engine
In May 1927, the first solo non-stop flight form New York to Paris was made in the Spirit of St. Louis by
In retrospect, the era of the 1920's seems to be clearly a period of
rapid transition during which the complex modern world was emerging.
Of his life in the White House, which of the following presidents referred to it as "prison"?
Warren G. Harding
His admirers regarded Andrew Mellon as the greatest secretary of the treasury since Alexander Hamilton because he
proposed reducing the income tax on high incomes and abolishing the inheritance tax.
During the 1920's, appointments to federal regulatory agencies such as the
interstate Commerce Commision and the Federal Reserve Board were generally
The illegal leasing of government oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming was the worst scandal involving the adminsitration of President
Warren G. Harding
The Five-Power Treaty signed by the United States, Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy in 1922 committed them to
limiting their battleships to a fixed ratio
Under the Kellog-Briand Pact of 1928, the United States agreed to
renounce war as a solution in international controversies
Members of the peace movement of the 1920's believed that
peace could be attained by pointing out the moral disadvantages of war.
Herbert Hoover's administration reversed the policies of President Wilson toward Latin America by
declaring the right to intervene dependent on the doctrine of self-preservation
The significant change in American policy toward the Carribean that occurred in the 1930's was
withdrawing American marines occupyig Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic.
The totalitarian challenge to the United States and the European democracies began with the 1931 invasion of Manchuria by
Under the Stimson Doctrine, the United States
declared that it would never recognize the legality of seizures made in violation of U.S. treaty rights.
The democracies failed to unite to resist totalitarianism during the 1920's and 1930's because they disagreed with each other over the
repayment of debts from the Great War
The 1924___________Plan attempted to solve Germany's post-war financial problems by granting it a $200 million loan
The Republican elected president in 1928, the "intectual leader, almost philosopher, of the New Era," was
The Democratic candidate for president in 1928 was_________,an anti-prohibition Catholic from New York City.
Herbert Hoover's victory in 1928 was
a smashing triumph, appearing to doom the Democrats to extinction
President Hoover believed that direct economic aid to farmers
should be opposed as a matter of principle
The primary economic weakness undermining the prosperity of the 1920's was the
maldistribution of resources.
The October 1929 collapse of _________signaled the end of the speculative boom.
the New York Stock Exchange.
The president during the stock market collapse and th start of the Great Depression was
The Great Depression was a worldwide phenomenon caused chiefly by the
economic imbalances resulting from the chaos of the Great War
The economic problems causing the Great Depression came to a head mainly becasue of the
easy credit policies of the Federal Reserve Board.
Hoover's program for ending the Depression called for the federal government to
lend funds to banks and corporations on the verge of collapse
Hoover's plans for ending the Great Depression
might have been theoritically sound, but flexibility was needed in their implementation.
During the Great Depression, President Hoover permitted the Federal Farm Board to
establish stabilization corporations to purchase surplus wheat and cotton.
One important aspect of the way Hoover dealt with the Great Deprssion was his
refusal to allow federal funds to be used for direct relief for individuals.
In 1932, Hoover approved creating the __________to lend money to insurance companies, railroads, and banks.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Herbert Hoover's response to the Great Depression was inadequate because it was
too rigid and uncompromising
What was the effect of the federal government's attempt to balance the budget during the Depression?
It set a good example for the populance on how to live within one's means.
In the early 1930's, federal immigration agents rounded up__________for deportaiton because of fear they might become dependent on public funds.
Disgruntled by the events of the 1920's, a considerable number of members of which group became interested in communism?
How were families of the unemployed affected by the Great Depression?
Wive's influence tended to increase.
During the 1920's, Franklin D. Roosevelt's political ideas were
consistent with the basic values of Coolidge prosperity.
Unlike the policies of his opponent, Franklin Roosevelt pledged during his campaign that his administration would
do what was necessary to protect individuals and advance the public good.
By the day FDR's inauguration in 1933, banking operations
had collapsed totally throughout the country.
The "Hundred Days" refers to the enormous amount of legislation enacted during the
first three months of FDR's first administration.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was intended primairly to
create soil conservation and reforestation jobs for unemployed for unemployed young men.
In the early New Deal, FDR hoped to stimulate business recovery through the partial suspension of antitrust laws, but with worker protection, in the _________Act.
National Industrial Recovery.
Which of the following was NOT a result of the National Industrial Recovery Act?
the end of the Depression
The labor organization led by John L. Lewis, which fought to organize the semi-skilled and unskilled workers in major mass production industries in the 1930's, was the
Committee for Industrial Organization.
Perhaps the most serious weakness of the Agricultural Adjustment Act was
failing to assist tenant farmers and sharecroppers.
The New Deal program that provided billions of dollars for roads, stadiums, actors, writers, and artists was the ______Administration.
The novel that best portrayed the desperate plight of millions impoverished by the Depression was The Grapes of Wrath writen by
The author of The Sound and the Fury, and perhaps the finest novelist of the era, was
The most formidable of the extremists opposing Roosevelt and leader of the Share Our Wealth movement was
Huey P. Long
The popluar "Radio Priest" whose program criticized Roosevelt and came to resemble facism was
The New Deal meausre that the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional in Schechter v. United States was the ___________Act.
National Industrial Recovery.
The "Second" New Deal measure giving workers the right to bargain collectively and prohibiting employers from interfering with union organization activities in their factories was the __________Act.
National Labor Relations or Wagner
The presidential election of 1936 is most accurately seen as a
tremendous vote of confidence for FDR
The chief obstacle to New Deal legislation, which FDR trid to outmaneuver in 1937, was
the Supreme Court
FDR sought to make the Supreme Court more "pro-New Deal" in 1937 by proposing that
the number of justices should be increased.
The result of Roosevelt's "court packing" plan was
a serious loss of prestiege for Roosevelt but the saving of Second New Deal legislation.
When the United States Automobile Workers conducted "sit-down strikes" against General Motors, Roosevelt
thought them illegal, but refused to intervene.
Roosevelt's popularity slumped sharply during the late 1930's, partly because of the
recession of 1937-1938.
As the 1938 elections approached, Roosevelt sought to "purge"
a number of conservative Democratic senators
One of the problems with the New Deal was that it
increased the size of the federal bureaucracy and made government more difficult to monitor
The "most significant" aspect of the "Roosevelt revolution" was that it
committed the country to the idea of federal responsibility for the national welfare.
In addition to heading an informal network of Washington women inkey posts, Eleanor Roosevelt was noted for her special interest in better treatment for
During FDR's first two terms, ___________dramatically shifted their support from the Republicans to the Democrats
The New Deal's Commisioner of Indian Affairs who tried to implement more pluralistic policies was
The New Deal's Indian Reorganizaion Act of 1934 encouraged
returning individually owned lands to tribal control
Franklin D. Roosevelt is best described as
one of the most effective chief executives in the nation's history.
During FDR's first term, 1933-1937, the hallmark of American foreign policy was
neutrality and isolationism.
The invasion of which African country is demonstrative of the expansionist aims of Italy during the 1930's?
How did the Neutrality Act of 1935 treat the sale of munitions?
it forbade their sale to all belligerents whenever the president should proclaim that a state of war existed.
How did the German attack on Poland affect Americans' thinking?
keeping out of the war remained an almost universal hope, but preventing a Nazi victory became their ultimate objective.
The federally funded top-secret atomic bomb program established by Roosevelt in 1939 was known as the
In 1940, the Roosevelt administration "traded" 50 World War I destroyers to Great Britain for
naval bases in the Carribean
In early 1941, FDR proposed aiding the finacially exhausted British under the __________Act.
FDR spoke for the hopes of many for a better post-war world when he expressed his goal of
In conferences with the Japanese ambassador in the spring of 1941, Secretary of State Cordell Hull
insisted that Japan withdraw from China and pledge to no further agression.
The United States declared war on Japan after the surprise attack on December 7, 1941 on
Roosevelt's greatest accomplishment as a wartime leader was his
ability to inspire people with a sense of national purpose.
The World War II board which exercised complete control over domestic prices and wages was the
Office of War Mobilization
How did the war effort between 1941 and 1946 affect the U.S. standard of living?
it had almost no adverse effect on the average person's standard of living.
Between 1941 and 1945, spending by the federal government was
twice as much as in its enitre previous history
A major social effort of World War II on American life was a
tendency for the population to shift to California and other far western states
The lives of black Americans imporved during and immeadiately after World War II because
Hitler's brutal treatment of Jews led Americans to reexamine their own racial views.
During World War II, black males were
permitted to join the various military services, but were segregated.
Over 100,000_________were relocated and interned in the U.S. during World War II.
"The very fact that no sabotage has taken place to date is a distrurbing and confirming indication that such an act will be taken." So said General John L. Dewitt justifying
the relocation and internment of Japanese Americans.
In regards to female entry into the traditionally male-dominated workforce, unions
doubted women could handle the work.
What happened when women entered the work force during World War II?
The government created an extensive daycare program for women with young children.
Immeadiately after Pearl Harbor, American and British strategists decided to
concentrate first against Germany
In November 1942, allied forces made their first attack on Nazi-controlled territory by landing in
French North Africa
According to the map "The Liberation of Europe," which of the following was a site of a major Allied Victory?
A desperate German counterattack in December 1944, at the German-Belgian border, almost broke the Allied lines. This was the battle of
Prior to 1943, Americans
dismissed the news of Jewish prosecution as either propaganda or serious exaggeration.
The intiative in the Pacific shifted to the Americans as a result of the 1942 battles of
Coral Sea and Midway
The American strategy in the Pacific called for a
two-pronged drive from New Guinea toward the Philippines and from the central Pacific toward Tokyo
In August 1942, Americans began their campaign in the Pacific by attacking the island of
As a result of the Battle of the Philippines Sea and the Battle for Leyte Gulf, Japan
was destroyed as a sea power.
President Truman dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki becaue he
hoped to bring the war to a quick end and save lives.
A new period of international cooperation was entered with the signing of what in San Francisco in June 1945?
the United Nations Charter
How well did the Soviets cooperate with the Americans during the war?
They shared a common commitment to defeating Hitler and seemed willing to cooperate on postwar problems.
One of the major limitations of the United Nations Security Council was that
any great power could block UN action.
How one understands the disagreements among the Allies which emerged late in the war depends on how one views the
postwar Soviet system.
A major cause of friction between the Soviets and the other Allies was
Soviet resentment of the British -American delay in opening a second front.
At the ___________Conference, Roosevelt and Churchill agreed to Soviet annexation of large sections of eastern
Stalin believed that dominating Poland through an unpopular pro-Soviet government
was of no strategic importance to Britain or the United States.
At the Postdam meeting in July 1945, the victorious Allies agreed to
divide Germany into four zones of occupation.