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Milady - Chapter 11 - Disorders and Diseases of the Skin - Esthetics
Terms in this set (92)
What is the branch of medical science that studies and treats the skin and its disorders and diseases?
What are lesions in the early stages of development or change?
What are structural changes in the tissue caused by damage or injury?
What are the three types of lesions?
Primary, secondary and tertiary
What is a large blister containing watery fluid. It is similar to a vesicle, but larger?
What is a closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection or other matter above or below the skin?
What is a flat spot or discoloration n the skin, such as a freckle or a red spot?
What are ofter referred to as tumors, but they are smaller bumps cause by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits, or infections?
What is a small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid, but may develop into a pustule?
What pustules in the hair follicle that is not infectious?
What is a large nodule, an abnormal cell?
What is an abnormal rounded, solid lump, larger than a papule?
What is an itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy reactions, or stings?
What are hives called?
What lesions develop in later stages of disease and change the structure of the tissues and organs?
What is a disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discolorations?
What is a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue?
What is excessive shedding of dead skin cells, flaky skin cells? An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff or psoriasis.
What is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands characterized by comedones and blackheads?
What is common acne is known as?
Acne simplex or acne vulgaris
What is a non-inflamed buildup of cells, sebum and other debris inside follicles?
What is also known as a boil?
What is known as a group of boils?
What are the epidermal cysts are small, firm white papules?
What are the whitish, pearl-like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin with no visible opening often mistakenly called whiteheads?
True/False : Depending on the state, milia can be treated in the salon or spa?
What are lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face?
What is a skin condition characterized by inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting and or itchiness?
What is a sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum and ranging in size from a pea to an orange?
What is a deficiency in perspiration due to failure of the sweat glands?
What is excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics, medications or medical conditions?
What is also known as prickly heat?
What is an inflammatory condition of the skin?
What is a chronic, relapsing form of dermatitis?
What is caused by exposure to allergens?
Allergic contact dermatis
What is an inflammatory skin condition caused by an allergic reaction from contact with a substance or chemical?
What is a localized inflammatory reaction caused by exposure to caustic irritants?
Irritant contact dermatitis
True/False : Irritant contact dermatitis can become worse and lead to allergic contact dermatitis?
What is an acne-like condition around the mouth?
What is an inflammatory, painful, itchy disease of the skin; acute or chronic in nature with dry or moist lesions?
What is a common form of eczema as well as a sebaceous gland disorder?
What is swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from a response to injury?
What is redness caused by inflammation?
What is hair that grows under the surface instead of growing up and out of the follicle?
What is also known as razor bumps, resembles folliculitis without the pus or infection?
What is the medical term for itching; persistant itching?
What is an itchy skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white-silver scales caused by an over-proliferation of skin cells that replicate too fast?
What is also known as hives and is an allergic reaction by the body's histamine production?
What is an inflammation of the skin characterized by extreme redness, dilation of blood vessels and in severe cases the formation of papules and pustules?
What is the dilation of the blood vessels that makes rosacea worse?
What is a vascular lesions and describes capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger, or distended blood vessels?
True/False : Initial exposure to an allergen always causes and allergic reaction?
What causes an itchy feeling that often accompanies contact dermatitis?
What is sometimes treated with sclerotherapy, a non injection into the veins?
True/False : When the skin is damaged by irritating substances, the immune system springs into action. It floods the tissue with water trying to dilute the irritant. That is why swelling occurs.
What is also known as dyschromia can be caused by various internal or external factors?
What is the biggest external cause of pigmentation disorders?
What is the overproduction of pigment?
What is the lack of pigment?
What is also known as liver spots?
What is a flat, pigmented area similar to a freckle; smallyellow-brown spots?
What is a condition called pregnancy mask and is the condition where brown pigmentation appears on the face during pregnancy?
What is also known as a birthmark?
True/False : A tan is basically visible skin and cell damage
What is the loss of pigmentation?
What is a pigmentation disease characterized by white irregular patches of skin that are totally lacking pigment?
What is an abnormal growth?
What is described as a thickening of the tissue?
What is pink or flesh-colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough that are the result of sun damage and should be checked by a dermatologist?
What are redness and bumpiness on the cheeks or upper arms; caused by blocked follicles?
What is a pigmented nevus?
True/False : Hairs in moles are common and should be removed.
False : A physician should remove the hair because it can change the structural changes to the mole.
What is a small outgrowth or extensions of the skin that look like flaps?
What is also known as a wart?
What is also known as pinkeye?
What is fever blisters or cold sores?
Herpes Simplex virus 1
What is genital herpes?
Herpes simplex virus 2
What virus can be spread to other areas on the person that is infected or to other people?
Herpes simplex virus 2
What is also known as shingle and is a painful skin condition from the reactivation of he chickenpox virus?
What is a bacterial infection of the skin that often occurs in children and is extremely contagious?
What is also known as ringworm?
What is verruca and is infectious and contagious and can spread?
What is also called pityriasis versicolor and is a fungal condition that inhibits melanin production?
What increases with cumulative ultraviolet sun exposure and is found in three distinct that vary in severity?
Skin cancer risk
What is the most common and the least severe type of carcinoma?
Basal cell carcinoma
What is the more serious condition than basal cell carcinoma?
Squamous cell carcinoma
What is hereditary factor in which dead skin cells build up because they do not shed from follicles as they do on normal skin?
What is similar to comedones and a mainly small solidified impactions of oil without the cell matter?
What are the male hormones that stimulate sebaceous glands?
What level of acne is cystic acne has comedones papules, pustules and inflammation is present. Scar formation from tissue damage is common?
What is an oral medication similar to retinoic acid; used for severe acne?
What is a topical vitamin A acid. A strong peeling agent that is drying and also flushes out follicles. Very drying, causes redness and irritation; photosensitivity?
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