Water and Carbon Cycle
Terms in this set (21)
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back.
a process at which molecules at the surface of a liquid absorb enough energy (in the form of heat/temperature) to change into the gaseous state.
water vapor cools and becomes a liquid.
when water in the form of rain, sleet, snow, or hail falls to Earth.
the water that plants give off as part of their respiratory process. They breathe in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen - during this process, they also make water and glucose.
when precipitation hits the ground, it is either absorbed, or it flows over the surface of the earth
water in the gaseous form.
water that has been absorbed into the ground.
a state of matter that has a definite shape and definite volume. When water is in this state it is because the temperature is below freezing and the water molecules are closely packed together.
a state of matter that has no definite shape, but a definite volume. When water is in this state, it is above freezing and the water molecules are not as close together.
a state of matter with no definite shape and no definite volume. When water is in this state, it is called "water vapor" and you cannot see it. During this state, the temperature is warm and the water molecules are spread farther apart.
precipitation in the form of clear ice pellets. Sleet occurs when rain falls through a layer of freezing (very cold) air.
a solid form of precipitation made up of ice crystals in complex, unique forms.
precipitation in the form of ice pellets larger than 5 millimeters in diameter. These are formed in cumulonimbus clouds by strong, cold updrafts of wind.
An element, the basis of all life on Earth, and it is found in rocks, the ocean, and the atmosphere.
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals.
when animals and plants die, their bodies decompose and carbon atoms are returned to the atmosphere and deposits underground.
The process that plants pull carbon dioxide from the air and use it to make food.
the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas)
animals releasing carbon dioxide into the air through breathing.