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Mistakes may be present.


a series of rulers from the same family

spheres of influence

a method of dividing foreign control in China, after the country was forced to sign a series of treaties granting special privileges to the Europeans. China was partitioned for control by Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, among others.

Boxer Rebellion

an uprising in China in 1990, spurred by angry Chinese militants, or Boxers, over foreign control; several hundred Europeans, Christians, and Chinese died

Mao Zedong

the leader of the Communists in China who defeated the Nationalists in 1949; died in 1976


a movement based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher who lived about 500 BC; Confucius stressed the importance of education in an ordered society in which one respects one's elders and obeys the government.


a philosophy based on the book "Tao Te Ching" and the teachings of Lao-Tzu, who lived in China in the 6th century BC and believed in preserving and restoring harmony in the individual with nature, and in the universe, with little interference from the government


a religion that originated in India about 500 BC and spread to China, where it grew into a major religion by AD 400.

economic tiger

a country with rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology and aggressive exports

Pacific Rim

an economic and social region including the counties surrounding the Pacific Ocean, extending clock-wise from New Zealand in the western Pacific to Chile in the eastern Pacific and including the west coast of the US

Three Kingdoms

the kingdoms formed in the peninsula of Korea by AD 300-- Koguryo in the northeast, Paekche in the southwest, and silla in the southeast.


the largest city in South Korea; population of more than 10 million people


the largest city in North Korea; more than 2.5 million people


a professional Japanese soldier who served the interests of landowners and clan chiefs


the general of the emperor's army with the powers of a military dictator, a position created by the Japanese emperor in 1192 after a struggle between two powerful clans

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