Overview of World Art: Ch.10&11
Terms in this set (57)
Africans used dances, masks, and rituals to ______
connect to ancestor spirits
African women dominated what business?
ceramic & pottery making
_____was very popular and highly prized; made of straw and grass.
Rock and Cave Paintings in Africa usually depicted what? and why?
animals because the people were hunter-gatherers
Nok Art statuettes were mainly of what?
Nok Art is well known for the ________ _______
What is "terracotta?"
ard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material; can be glazed or painted.
What are some features of Nok Art?
-pierced eyes, nose, mouth & ears
-semi-circular/ triangular eyes & eyelids
Jenne Art is usually what?
Jenne Art would have ________ & __________
distortion & protruding jaws
Ife is known to cast their art in _______ or _______
brass or pure copper
TERM: Ori Inu
the inner head
The "Oni (King) Sculpture" has what characteristics?
-covered in shells & jewelry
-has portrait-like features & a realistic look
What does the great emphasis on the head symbolize?
wisdom, destiny, essence & manna
The "Head of a Oni" could be distinguished by what kind of markings?
The "Seated Figure" has emphasis on what 2 things?
naturalism and elite (swelling belly)
The King's palace was a __________ in the Benin city
"Oba" (Divine King) wears a lot of red. What does red represent?
blood and fear
The "Head of Oba" had a hole in its head for what?
Ivory was placed there. Ivory was a source of income, purity, trade & strength. The head was placed in the palace and tombs.
power of the hand & arm
What is another name for "Iyobas?"
Who is the "Queen Mother?"
the one who gives birth to the first son. wears a beak crown that is very distinct.
Why does a rooster symbolize "the queen mother?"
because roosters symbolize the "leader of the flock"
Who wore the "Ivory Belt Mask of a Iyoba'' and where?
The king wore it on his hip.
What was "Olokun" the god of?
In Owlowe of Ise's "King and Queen Veranda Post," what is the queen doing?
standing behind the king for strength and protection
Yoruba made the "Ere Ibeji sculpture," which were twins, why?
Twins were very important and if one died, a sculpture would be made of the two of them. The twin that died would be carried around, clothed and fed like a human.
TERM: Shango (Thunder god); what did he do?
What was the "Akonkromfi Chair?"
a wooden chair covered with brass plates and brass nails. A royal throne.
What was the "Akuba Sculpture" an idol of?
The "Kente Cloth" was typically made from ______ and were weaved by ______
TERM: Mbula-ngulu means what?
potion placed in belly
priest who worked with sculpture
The tear drops on the "Ngady Amwaash Mask" represent what?
tears from child labor and because she had to perform incest with her father
Who was Ngady Amwaash?
The first cultural hero of Kuba
TERM: Cowrie Shells
used for monetary purposes and decoration
Primary cultural hero & first male hero. Performed incest with his daughter
The "Mukeng A Mask," has a long snout and red feathers, what do they represent?
-long snout: represents elephant (funds from ivory, intelligence & royalty)
-red feathers: blood, strength & power
What is a Mandu Yenu?
seat of power; a lot of beadwork
What is dominant in Fang sculptures?
the "Ngil Mask," is worn by who and to do what?
a sheriff or officer, to keep peace and resolve issues between cultures
Ngil Masks have 3 characteristics, what are they?
-carved out of wood
-big arched eye brows that create a heart-like shape
white substance that symbolizes purity and spirit world of ghosts
TERM: Bieri Cult
Zimbabwe means _________
what did the 30ft walls enclosing Zimbabwe do?
separated the elite from the non-elite community
what did the cone-like towers inside the walls store?
TERM: Shiri Ye Denga
the bird from heaven
What are birds associated with in the Shona culture?.
ancestors and previous rulers
The "Ci Wara Headpiece" was half _____ half _____
The Toguna in the Dogon culture was also known as ____
"the house of words"
Who was Amma?
the creator god who brought life into this world and the next world
In Dogon sculptures, what is unique?
the arrow-like noses
Who was Nomo?
the creator god who produced men and women
logs or boards that stuck out of building walls. practical because they could be stood on to apply mud for fixing walls/ building.
what did big steps symbolize?
going from the physical world to the next world