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Honors Biology Chapter 6 FINAL
"true kernel"; complex; has nucleus and organelles
"before kernel"; simple; no nucleus or organelles; ex. bacteria
prokaryotic region where DNA exists
most important cell component; selectively permeable; phospholipid bilayer
46 are contained in nuclei; long molecules of DNA wrapped around histone proteins
unwound DNA during interphase
comprised of nuclear envelope, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vacuoles, vesicles, and the cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum with no ribosomes
endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes dotting the surface
move molecules between locations inside the cell
package materials for "shipping"
using vesicles to bring things in to the cell
using vesicles to export things from the cell
digest food particles to use energy in the cell; central compartment in plant cell is used for osmoregulation
ATP is produced here; 2nd part of cell respiration takes place here; "power house" of the cell
in plant cells where photosynthesis takes place
flat, membranous discs where light reactions take place in chloroplasts; contain chlorophyll
stacks of thylakoids
dense inner fluid of chloroplasts
only in plant cells; protects the cell