Soc Quiz #1 chapter #1
1.The text emphasizes that _____ is most responsible for a person's chance in life.
c. social location
2. Peter Berger called the process whereby sociologists question actions and ideas that are usually taken for granted _____.
d. "debunking"
3. Which of the following social thinkers is associated with the concept of the sociological imagination?
c. Wright Mills
4. When conclusions are based on systematic and careful observations the study may be said to be _____.
b. empirical
5. Sociology differs from media programs that feature human problems in that
b. sociologists use research techniques and theories that the media may not use to explain social issues.
6. "Individuals are subordinated to society." This statement best represents which theoretical perspective.
a. Conflict theory
7. Sociologists believe that persistent problems in the U.S. are
c. embedded in society.
8. To study human behavior, sociologists use _____.
b. empirical analysis
9. Sociologists refer to the organized patterns of social relationships and social institutions that make up society as the _____.
c. social structure
10. Using the sociological perspective to debunk the assumptions of the education system reveals that schools
c. teach some children their place within society.
Quiz 2
1. The complex system that includes a group's beliefs, values, dress, and way of life, is called _____.
b. culture
2. Which of the following is an example of non-material culture?
d. table manners
3. What is the relationship between biology and culture in shaping human behavior?
c. Human biology sets limits and provides the capacities for different types of behavior.
4. Norms, values, laws, and customs are all examples of _____.
c. nonmaterial culture
5. Regardless of where it is found in the world, culture
a. is shared.
6. A(n) ______ is something that stands for something else, or anything to which people give meaning.
a. symbol
7. People stand during the National Anthem and are emotionally moved by a cross or Star of David because
b. of the significance people bestow on them as cultural symbols.
8. As an element of culture, language is important because
d. All of these choices are true.
9. Today, almost all sociologists would agree that
c. language and culture are inextricably linked and each shapes the other.
10. What is the relationship between language and social inequality?
d. All of these choices are true.

Quiz 3
1. The _______________ is the most important factor in creating a research design.
c. review of the literature.
2. Based on what you read you think that people whose parents are divorced are more likely to become divorced themselves. As you begin your research you state your belief that if a person's parents are divorced that person is more likely to become divorced themselves. This is an example of a _____.
c. hypothesis
3. Which of these statements can be said of all sociological research?
c. it always has a plan for the collection of data
4. Which of these statements is the best description of a variable?
c. A variable is something that can have more than one value or score.
5. When choosing a research method, the most important thing for sociologists to consider is
a. what type of sociological question is being investigated.
6. Which of the following is not a step in the scientific research process?
b. finding funding for the research
7. Sociological study that starts with a specific research question focused on some generally-held principle is called _____.
b. deductive reasoning
8. Reasoning that begins with specific observations about which one draws conclusions is called _____.
a. inductive reasoning
9. Which of the following is not a source of sociological research questions?
d. All of these may be a source.
10. Research that is exactly the same as a previous study, but on a different group of people or in a different time or place, is called a _____ study.
b. replication

Quiz #4 Sociology
1. The case of Genie, a girl who was isolated for most of her childhood, illustrates that
- human beings need social contact for normal development.
2. Genie was studied intensively by scientists primarily interested in
- language acquisition and the psychological effects of extreme confinement.
3. _____ are the expected behaviors associated with a given status in society.
- Roles
4. Which of the following is true regarding socialization?
- The socialization experience differs for individuals based on their social location.
5. Through the process of socialization we do all of the following, except
- experience diversity.
6. Marcus and Taylor have learned their expected behaviors so well that they no longer question them. This is an example of _____.
- internalization
7. Social scientists and others debate whether humanness is naturally occurring or socially created. This is called the ______ debate.
- nature - nurture
8. Sociologists note that the way society is organized and people's lives within it are the result of social definitions and processes. In other words, sociologists state that our lives are socially
- constructed.
9. In regards to the "nature vs. nurture" debate, sociologists would tend to emphasize _____.
- nurture
10. From a sociological perspective, what a person becomes
- results from social experiences.

Quiz #5 Sociology
1. What is the relationship between culture and society, from a sociological perspective?
- The members of a society share a culture to some extent.
2. Emile Durkheim described society as suis generis. This means that society
- is greater than the sum of its parts; it is an entity of its own.
3. Sociologists who study relatively small, less-complex, and less differentiated patterns of social interaction are using _____.
- microanalysis
4. Which of these is an example of something a sociologist would consider from the microlevel analysis of social interaction?
- day to day life in a sorority house
5. Sociologists use the term ______ to describe the order established in social groups at any level.
- social organization
6. As cyberspace interaction increases, sociologists have begun to research the influence of the internet on social interaction. Research indicates all of the following, except
- cyberspace interaction is quickly replacing face-to-face interaction.
7. A _____ is a broad system that organizes specific functions in society.
- social institution
8. Social institutions are an important concept within sociology for all of the following reasons, except
-they are natural extensions of society.
9. Which of the following is not a function of social institutions?
-supporting members economically
10. Sociologists use the term ______ to refer to the organized pattern of social relationships and social institutions that together comprise society.
-social structure

Quiz 6 Sociology
1. Why is it important for sociologists to have a shared definition of groups?
a. Having a definition enables sociologists to understand the behavior of people in society and how to predict people's behavior in groups.
2. Georg Simmel is known for his work with:
d. group size effects.
3. In a triad, when two of the people are interacting and form a dyad, the sociological term for the third person is _____.
b. an isolate
4. In his study of the effect of size on group dynamics, Simmel found that
b. a triad is an unstable social grouping, whereas dyads are relatively stable.
5. Which of the following is an example of a primary group ?
c. family
6. Cooley's concept of primary groups
b. has been elaborated to include a variety of intimate relationships in groups.
7. _____ are small and intimate; _____ are larger and short-lived.
a. Primary groups; secondary groups
8. In their study of groups of different sizes, sociologists have found that
a. primary groups are a major influence and an important source of social control.
9. Which of the following statements is true about the differences between primary and secondary groups?
a. Secondary groups are less intimate than primary groups.
10. According to the research presented in the text, in a study of the role of small voluntary groups in society Robert Wuthnow and his associates found that
c. people seek small voluntary groups for a sense of community and a spiritual connection.

Quiz 7 sociology
The sociological definition of social deviance
a. stresses social context, not individual behavior.
Deviance exists within a _____ context.
c. social
If a sociologist considered tattoos a form of deviance, they would categorize it as a type of ______ deviance.
d. informal
Which of the following statements about deviance is false?
b. Most deviant actions are deviant no matter what the circumstances.
The study of date rape has found that
c. people with the most traditional attitudes toward gender roles are more likely to excuse a man's behavior if he is accused of date rape.
From a functionalist perspective, when punishment of deviant behavior is public it serves to
a. reaffirm the collective beliefs and values of the society.
In the immediate aftermath of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, many Americans publicly demonstrated their patriotism. This is an illustration of Durkheim's belief that
c. deviance produces social solidarity.
From a sociological standpoint, the situation of the rugby team stranded for months in the Andes demonstrates that eating human flesh
c. may be a rational response to a difficult situation.
Which of the following questions would a sociologist not be likely to ask about deviance?
c. Why do some types of people act more deviant than other types of people?
Psychological explanations of deviance emphasize _____ as the underlying cause of deviant behavior, unlike sociological explanations.
a. individual factors

Quiz 8 sociology
_____ refers to the process by which different statuses develop in any group, organization, or society.
a. Social differentiation
A relatively fixed, hierarchical arrangement in society by which groups have different access to resources, power, and perceived social worth is called _____.
b. social stratification
What is the difference between stratification and differentiation?
b. Differentiation is not necessarily unequal, but stratification is.
Which of the following is true about stratification systems?
d. Stratification systems vary in degree and complexity of stratification.
Which of the following is not one of the groups within a feudal system?
d. doctors
The position one holds in relation to the economic, political, social and cultural resources in a society is called one's _____.
c. social class
Which of the following is false regarding social class?
c. It is not possible for people to change whatever social class they are born into.
Max Weber called the opportunities that people have in common by virtue of belonging to a particular class _____.
c. life chances
Social class can be seen through
a. clothing, automobiles, and personal possessions.
Which of these statements about social class is false?
c. Social class is personal and individual, not social structural.

Quiz 9
1. The text emphasizes that _____ is most responsible for a person's chance in life.
c. social location
2. Sociology is a/n _____ discipline, meaning the conclusions are based on systematic observations.
a. empirical
3. When conclusions are based on systematic and careful observations the study may be said to be _____.
b. empirical
4. The goal of the sociologists is to study controversial topics with an open mind, even if this results in the discovery of "inconvenient" or disturbing information. An example of an inconvenient fact presented in the text is that
d. all of these are inconvenient facts presented in the text
5. Sociologists believe that persistent problems in the U.S. are
c. embedded in society.
6. Elaine Bell Kaplan's research on black teenage motherhood concluded that
b. the black teens felt embarrassed and stigmatized by being pregnant.
7. Peter Berger called the process whereby sociologists question actions and ideas that are usually taken for granted _____.
d. "debunking"
8. Peter Berger's concept of debunking refers to
b. the "unmasking" tendency of sociology.
9. Using the sociological perspective to debunk the assumptions of the education system reveals that schools
c. teach some children their place within society.
10. Sociological research on education has debunked many common assumptions. It has found that
b. poor children rarely have the same resources in schools that middle-class and elite students have.

Quiz 13
1. What is the general pattern for marriage within the U.S.?
b. Most people marry someone who shares similar social characteristics.
2. In the United States, interracial marriage is:
c. increasing, but infrequent.
3. Betty lives with her husband, their daughter, and her grandchildren. Betty lives in a/n _____ family.
b. extended
4. Which of these is the best definition of extended family?
a. a network of parents, children and other relatives who form a family unit
5. In the U.S., current attitudes toward the role of women in religion
c. support the ordination of women clergy.
6. Othermothers are a unique form of an extended family that reflects the specific experience of _____.
a. African American women
7. Barbra is a very close family friend - she is actually considered part of the family. Barbra may be considered
c. fictive kin.
8. Prior to industrialization,
b. the household was the center for production and distribution of goods.
9. The emergency of the nuclear family in the United States was a result of which major event?
b. The Industrial Revolution
10. What impact did industrialism have on the family in the U.S.?
b. it created an economy based on cash instead of domestic production

Quiz 15
1. Sociologists use the term state to refer to
a. the organized system of power and authority in society.
2. Which of the following is not a role of the state?
d. To censor public opinion.
3. The state
c. is only made up of government and the legal system.
4. What is the sociological term for information that is circulated in order to justify the power of the state?
c. propaganda
5. The subsequent demonstrations that broke out following that in Tunisia serve to illustrate that:
b. a network of interdependence of nations.
6. What is the sociological term for power that is achieved through force, against the will of those being forced?
c. coercive
7. The German sociologist who identified three types of authority in society was _____.
b. Max Weber
8. The leaders of cults most often exemplify _____ authority.
b. charismatic
9. _____ authority stems from rules and regulations typically written down as laws, procedures, or codes of conduct.
c. Rational-legal
10. Analyses of bureaucracies reveal that
a. those with the least power in a bureaucratic hierarchy are often the most adamant about the need to follow the rules.

1.Using data from the 2010 Census, the current population of the United States is estimated to be about _____.
b. 311 million
2. Some groups of people are likely to be undercounted by the Census for various reasons. Why does this matter?
b. The Census is used to apportion representation in government as fairly as possible.
3. The 2000 U.S. census is estimated to have undercounted approximately two percent of the country's population. The estimated undercount for Hispanics is as high as ______ percent.
c. 25
4. For those opposed to permitting the self-selection of more than one race in the U.S. Census, an important argument is that
c. identifying as multiracial reduces the strength of numbers of already underrepresented minority groups.
5. Which of these statements best describes current increases in the world's population?
c. The world's population increases exponentially.
6. The _____ is defined as the number of births each year for every 1000 people in the population.
d. crude birth rate
7. Among different racial/ethnic groups in the United States, the group with the highest birthrate is _____.
d. Asian Americans
8. The infant mortality rate measures the number of deaths each year of infants under the age of one. This measure is also a reflection of
a. overall quality of life for a group of people.
9. Compared with other industrialized nations in terms of infant mortality and life expectancy, the U.S.
a. ranks near the bottom, having relatively high infant mortality and lower life expectancy.
10. Among Hispanics, migration patterns are closely linked to
c. agriculture.