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110 terms

4-H Horse Kansas Level 1 Testing

This is the test you must take in order to be elibible to take the catching, handling, saddling, and riding test in order to be eligible to enter the District show in order to be eligible to have a chance to qualify for the state fair...when you are 9.
STUDY
PLAY
bald face
Star, stripe, snip
coronet
half pastern
half sock
pastern
snip
stocking
star
star and stripe
Blaze
blaze is wider than star, strip, snip, but does not cover eyes
Bosals
Curb Bit
O Ring Snaffle
Mechanical Hackamore
4-H texts believes this would be appropriate for a speed event horse, though this has gone out of style for speed horses years ago, it still might work on a few speed horses.
Sweat Scraper
Used to get excess water or sweat off the body of horse
Saddlebred (American Saddlebred)
US breed, 3 or 5 gaited show horse
Appaloosa
Spots, usually short and stocky.
Arabian
Dish face, delicate boned
Belgian
Small head, thick bodied draft. Always light chestnut with flaxen mane and tail.
Clydesdale
Tall brown draft with significant white markings
Friesian
Always black, very thick mane, tail, feather feet
Halflinger
Elegant, yet muscular, 13-15 hands, always light chestnut with flaxen mane and tail
Miniature Horse
Under 38"
Morgan
Small horse, known for physical toughness, developed by Justin Morgan
Mustang
Free roaming horse of North America descended from horses brought by Spanish explorers
Paint (American Paint Horse)
Coat of at least two different colors, some white above knee
Percheron
Always gray draft
P.O.A. (Pony of the Americas)
Pony between 46" and 56"
Quarter Horse (American Quarter Horse)
First US breed, powerful hindquarters, good at sprinting speed
Standardbred
Used for cart racing on East coast
Tennessee Walking Horse
Used for specific type of showing because it naturally overstrides.
Thoroughbred
Taller, with heavy bone, but lean muscling. Built for distance racing.
Cannon
The lower leg bone below knee or below hock, and above the fetlock joint.
Crest
Upper, curved part of neck, peculiar to stallions.
Croup
Part of the back just in front of the base of the tail.
Gaskin
The muscular part of the hind leg above the hock.
Poll
The top of a horse's head just back of the ears.
Loin
Space between back and hip.
Elbow
Back of shoulder
Arm
Front of shoulder
Nostril
Nasal passage
Stifle
Joint in hip nearest flank
Fetlock
The area just below the ankle in the rear feet
Hock
The upper ankle joint that sticks out on the back leg
Pastern
The narrower area between the ankle and the coronet band
Hoof
The horn or fingernail hard portion of the foot
Throatlatch
The area of the horse where a bridle throatlatch fits
Cheek
The flat, circular part on sides of face
Flank
The area where the belly ties in with the hip
Muzzle
Area with whiskers including lips and nostrils
Knee
The middle joint on the front legs
Gaskin
The muscle that extends on inside and outside from hip to top ankle in rear legs
Withers
the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of a horse
Walk
The mother of all gaits. 1-2-3-4 cadence, slow ground covering
Jog
Trot slower and with less elevation. Cadence 1-2, 1-2
Trot
2 beat gait, diagonal front and hind move together
Lope
Western word for canter.Slower cadence 1-2-3-pause
Canter
Fast 3 beat gait under restraint. 123 pause 123 pause
Gallop
4 Beat gait. Front and opposite hind . Cadence 1234
Back
walk going in reverse direction
How do you approach a horse?
You approach him from the shoulder and genly announce your approach.
When you move from one side of a horse to another, how can you do that safely?
You may either move around closely with your hand on hip and announce your presence. The other option is to go way out around where he could not reach to kick you.
What are some safety guidelinges for riding?
Ride with proper attire and boots. Check your chinch and all equiment before you mount. Maintain horses control during mounting.
Barrel
Abdomen
Foal
male or female under 1 year
Colt
Male foal
Filly
Female foal
Weanling
Weaned foal
Mare
Mature famale horse
Stallion
Intact male horse
Gelding
Castrated male horse
Latigo
4-H guide calls this "front cinch strap"
Fender
part that stirrup hangs from
Swells
4-H study guide calls this "pommel"
skirt
part of saddle behind seat that covers saddle pad
Cantle
Part that rises up behind rider
Jockey
Flap riders leg rests on
How do you walk around a horse?
With hand resting on him or far away out of kicking range.
What safety issues when tying a horse?
Tie in a slipknot 18-24" of slack to solid object.
What should you look for in helmets/vests?
ASTM/SEI certified.
Which side of horse do you lead from?
Left
If you turn more than 90 degrees when leading, you always turn to the ________________
Right
When leading your horse, how much space should be between you and the horse in front of you?
1 horse length
In showmanship, any time your horse is stopped it should be what?
Set up square
Never take your eyes off the ________________
Judge
But keep an eye also on the ring steward
Pattern
The judge might post this. Study it.
Your horse should be_________ and his tail should be _______free.
Clean, tangle
Quarter system
The way that you move around your horse in a showmanship class
Never take your ______hand off the lead rope closest to the horses head.
Right
What clothes do you need for showing English?
Dark jacket, breeches, choker, English boots, derby helmet
seat
area the rider sits on
stirrup
triangular metal piece the rider's foot sits in
stirrup leather
strap that connects the stirrup to the saddle
jockey / skirt
flap of leather that covers the stirrup bar
cantle
back of the seat; curved upward to support the rider
pommel
area in the front of the saddle
flap
part that rider's leg rests on
girth
holds the saddle in place
Caveson
A leather strap that goes over the bridge of a horse's nose to help secure the bridle and help keep the horse mouth closed.
Browband
Part of bridle going across the forehead
Cheek Piece
The part of the bridle which runs across the cheek of the horse, connecting the brow band and nose band.
Crown Piece
The strap of the bridle that goes ove the horses head, behind the ears.
Throat Latch
The strap unnder the horses throat which keeps the bridle in place.
Curb chain
Chin strap
Solid with Blanket
Appaloosa- horse is solid except for white spotted area over rear
Leopard
Appaloosa, white horse, spots all over
Overo
Paint- has darker color OVER(o) the back
Tobiano
Paint- has white marking over the back
Tovero
Cross between Overo and Tobiano

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