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125 terms

skin

STUDY
PLAY
Basal layer
deepest region of the epidermis
collagen
structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
cuticle
A band of epidermis at the base and side of the nail plate
dermis
the middle layer of the skin is te corium
keratine
protein found in hair and nails
lipocyte
fat cell
lunula
the half moon shaped, white area at the base of the nail
melanin
A black prigment found in the epidermis is
sebum
oily secretion of the sebaceous gland
stratum corneum
Outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny) cells.
the outermost layer of skin
EPIDERMIS
profuse sweating
diaphoresis
excessive secretion from sebaceous glands
SEBORRHEA
inflammation and swelling of soft tissue around a nail
PARONYCHIA
fungal infection of the skin
Dermatophytosis
Burning sensation in the skin
causalgia
surgical repair of the skin
DERMATOPLASTY
pertaining to under the skin
SUBCUTANEOUS
abnormal condition of lack of sweat
ANHIDROSIS
abnormal condition of proliferation of keratinized cells
keratoses
abnormal condition of dry, scaly skin
ICHTHYOSIS
loosening of the epidermis
EPIDERMOLYSIS
yellow tumor
xanthoma
under the nail
sub-ungual
abnormal condition of nail fungus
ONYCHOMYCOSIS
circumscribed collection of clear fluid ( blister)
VESICLE
smooth, slightly elevated edematous area (hive)
WHEAL
groove or crack-like sore
FISSURE
circumscribed collection of pus
pustule
closed sac containing fluid or semi-solid material
CYST
open sore or erosion
ulcer
larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin
NODULE
solid elevation of the skin ( pimple)
PAPULE
baldness
ALOPECIA
itching
pruritis
blackhead
Melanin
purplish
..., somewhat purple
loss of pigment
depigmentation
macular patch
...
contagious parasitic infection with intense pruritus
SCABIES
white patches on mucous membrane of tongue or cheek
LEUKOPLAKIA
characterized by a rash
..., EXANTHEMATOUS
colored pigmentation of the skin moles
N-evus
acute, allergic reaction in which hives develop
URTICARIA
large blisters
BULLAE
Raised, thickened scar
KELOID
sac of fluid and hair over the sacral region of the back
Pilonidal cyst
chicken pox
virus
bedsore
decubitus ulcer
fungal skin infection
TINEA
necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia
..., GANGRENE
contagious, infectious, pyoderma
IMPETIGO
cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes
melanoma
psoriasis
chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales
scleroderma
..., hardening of the skin
gangrene
NECROSIS OF TISSUE
systemic lupus erythematosus
..., chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs
two skin tests for allergy are
Scratch test and Patch test
a surgical procedure to core out a disk for microscopic analysis is a
PUNCH BIOPSY
moles that do not form properly and may progress to form melanomas are called
DYPLASTIC NEVI
paroncyhia
acute or chronic infection of skin fold around nail
tinea
infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
keratosis
thickened area of epidermis
callus
an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)
verruca
epidermal growth (wart) caused by a virus
subungal
under the nail
xanthoma
yellow tumor (nodule under the skin)
wheal
a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip)
pilosebaceous
of or relating to a hair follicle and its sebaceous gland
dermatophytosis
fungal infection of the skin
albino
person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)
collagen
structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
basal layer
deepest layer of epidermis
apocrine sweat gland
Large dermal exocrine gland in the axilla and genital areas.
outermost layer of the skin
Epidermis
Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
cuticle
dermis
Middle layer of skin
eccrine sweat gland
most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin
epithelium
layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body
fat cell
lipocyte
sebum
Oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands
pore
..., Tiny opening on the surface of the skin
sebaceous gland
a cutaneous gland that secretes sebum (usually into a hair follicle) for lubricating hair and skin
arranged in layers
stratified
paronychium
soft tissue surrounding the nail border
stratum corneum
outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized cells
subcutaneous layer
connective and adipose tissue layer just under the dermis
flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis
squamous epithelium
ABCDE
Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter, Elevation
Bx
biopsy (cytology)
PPD
purified protein derivative
SC
Subcutaneous
PUVA
psoralen-ultraviolet a light therapy
Cryosurgery
use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
curettage
surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
skin biopsy
suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and examined microscopically by a pathologist
Botox
a formulation of botulinum toxin type A; injections that temporarily block the nerve signals to the injected muscle, reduce moderate to severe frown lines for up to 3-4 months
Adipocytes
fat cells
basal cell carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium
Ecchymosis
bruising
cyan/o
dark blue
eosin/o
red, dawn, rosy
albin/o
lacking pigment
anthrac/o
black, coal
chlor/o
Denoting a green color
Erythro/o
red blood cell
jaund/o
yellow ie. jaundice
leuk/o
white
Cauter/o
Heat, burn
Cutane/o
skin
Derm/o
skin
Diaphor/o
profuse sweating
Erythemat/o
redness
Hydr/o
water
Ichthy/o
dry, scaly
Kerat/o
Hard Tissue
Melan/o
black, dark
Myc/o
fungus
Onych/o
fingernail or toenail
Pil/o
hair, hair follicle
Seb/o
sebum
Squam/o
squamous, scales
Ungul/o
nail
Xer/o
dryness