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Terms in this set (19)
planned management of natural resources involving the protection of some
wilderness areas and the development of others
Eugene V. Debs
Labor leader who helped organize the American Socialist Party in 1901;
commented on the uneven balance among big business, government, and ordinary people
under the free-market system of capitalism. Unsuccessfully ran under the Socialist Party
ticket for presidency 5 times.
Muckraking journalist who exposed the hardships of tenement life in his book
How the Other Half Lives.
One of the most influential leaders of the settlement house movement; co-
founded Chicago's Hull House in 1889.
a kind of journalist who exposed the corrupt side of business and public life in
the early 1900s
An early 20 th century reform movement seeking to return control
of the government to the people, restore economic opportunities, and to correct injustices
in American life
Progressive governor of Wisconsin who led the way in regulating big
This 1906 novel portrayed the dangerous and unsanitary conditions prevalent
in the meatpacking industry at that time.
Muckraking journalist whose book The Jungle shocked America
W.E.B. Du Bois
1 st African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard; insisted that
blacks should be treated as equals immediately.
leading muckraker journalist who exposed the unfair practices of the Standard
U.S. journalist and reformer who published as The Shame of the Cities
(1904) exposing corruption in politics and big business
Social Gospel Movement
the idea that churches should address social issues, predicting
that socialism would be the logical outcome of Christianity
William Jennings Bryan
In 1896, presidential candidate for the Democratic Party, and
whose third party policies, eventually influenced the political process.
Cross of Gold Speech
Delivered by William J. Bryan during the Democratic Party
Convention of 1896, where he praised farmers and denounced bankers for "crucifying
mankind on a cross of gold."
Writer, whose novels praised hard work and discipline, and saw wealth as a
sign of divine favor.
gave voice to romantic vision of the frontier in a series of novels and
memoirs: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer; The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
famous for nature writing; wrote Call of the Wild and The Iron Heel
successful painter and sculptor whose works represented the
romance of the West.
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