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CHF Risk Factors
African American descent
Left sided failure
Most common form
Blood backs up through the left atrium into the pulmonary veins
Pulmonary congestion and edema
Right sided failure
Backward flow to the right atrium and venous circulation
Results from diseased right ventricle
Primary cause is left-sided failure
Clinical Manifestations of RSF
Clinical Manifestations of LSF
Pale, cool, clammy skin
Lytes, BUN, creatinine, UA
Excess fluid volume
Disturbed sleep pattern
Impaired gas exchange
Combo: hydralazine/isosorbide dinitrate
Ca++ channel blockers
S/S of worsening HF
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs.
May be in the interstitial space or alveoli
Can occur d/t MI or exacerbation of HF
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