23 terms

6.1 Plants

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autotroph
All plants that make there own food are called this.
multicellular
All plants have more than one cell which is called this.
eukaryotic
All plants have cells with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles called this.
obtain water, retain water, transport, support, reproduce
What are the five adaptations plants need to live on land?
vascular tissue
These are a system of tube-like structures that transport water, minerals, and food in large plants.
fertilization
This is when a sperm cell unites with an egg cell.
zygote
This is what a fertilized egg is called
sporophyte
This is a life cycle stage when the plant produces spores
gametophyte
This is a life cycle stage when the plant produces sex cells
cuticle
This is a waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves
accessory pigments
When the chloroplast dies, plants can reflect these including colors like yellow and orange
photosynthesis
This is the process when a plant takes in carbon dioxide and water and creates sugar and oxygen
cellular respiration
This is the process when a plant takes food energy and converts it into usable energy called ATP
nonvascular
This plant is low growing, has no roots, and uses diffusion
vascular
This plant grows tall, has roots, and has tube-like structures for transportation
seedless
This plant reproduces using spores
gymnosperm
This plant reproduces using seeds, but has no fruit and cannot flower
angiosperm
This plant reproduces using seeds, and has fruit and can flower
sun
Where the earth's energy comes from
white light
The light we see
reflection
This is when light bounces off of an object.
transmission
This is when light passes through an object.
absorption
This is when an object takes in light.
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