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Ken Burns Questions
Terms in this set (118)
In what year did the Civil War begin?
Summer of 1861
What percentage of the US population died in the war?
2% of the population
At Cold Harbor, __ men fell in __ minutes.
7000 men fell in 20 minutes
In what state was the first MAJOR battle fought?
In what year did the Civil War end?
In what year did the last veteran of the Civil War die?
What percentage of slaves lived to be 60 years old?
less than 4%
Since slave marriages had no legal status, preachers changed the wording of vows to "Until death or __ do you part."
What was Eli Whitney's important invention?
the cotton gin
How many pounds of cotton could be processed in one day with a gin?
By 1860, one out of __ Americans belonged to another American (as slaves).
William Lloyd Garrison published an anti-slavery newspaper called "The _______".
What was Harriet Tubman called?
Who was Mary Todd?
Abraham Lincoln's wife
In what year did Congress pass an act that allowed Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to permit slavery?
Who said, "A house divided against itself cannot stand"?
Who led the raid on Harper's Ferry armory & engine house, Sunday Oct. 16 1859?
What happened to John Brown on Dec. 2, 1859?
He was executed for treason against the state.
Abraham Lincoln won the election of 1860 with ___% of the vote.
What was the first state to secede from the Union?
What fort was attacked by rebels, sparking war with the North?
Who was elected president of the Confederacy?
How many casualties were suffered in the shelling of Ft. Sumpter?
None (a horse)
Who was the 22-yr. old graduate of West Point who graduated at the bottom of his class?
George Armstrong Custard
Where was the Capital of Confederacy?
In 1861, what was the population in the North? In the south?
North: 21-22 million
South: 9 million
Who was Lincoln's first choice to lead the Union Army?
Robert E. Lee
How long did most people think the war would last?
Who did Lincoln appoint to be in charge of the Union Army?
What border-state city was occupied by the Union Army to keep it from seceding?
What did Lincoln do when the Chief Justice said he had exceeded his authority?
Lincoln ignored him.
Where & when was the first major battle fought?
Bull Run & 1861
What was General Thomas Jackson's nickname?
Who won the battle of Manassas (Bull Run)?
Who took over command of the Union Army (Army of the Potomac)?
George Brinton McClellan
What did the newspapers call McClellan?
Explain the 3-pronged strategy of Lincoln & McClellan (the "Anaconda Plan"). 1) Drive into _______ & take _______. 2) Secure _______ & _______ & push into the south. 3) Have the Navy clear the _______ River & surround the Confederacy by sea, choking off its supplies.
1) Drive into Virginia & take Richmond. 2) Secure Kentucky & Tennessee & push into the south. 3) Have the Navy clear the Mississippi River & surround the Confederacy by sea, choking off its supplies.
What Union General was considered to be insane because he predicted that heavy casualties would be necessary?
William Tecumseh Sherman
What happened to Sullivan Ballou? Who was he writing to?
He was writing to his wife, Sarah. He was killed a week later at the first battle of Bull Run.
Lincoln's cabinet agreed on one issue; that General George McClellan wasn't _____ fast enough.
Where did McClellan want to float his Army?
What personal tragedy occurred for Lincoln on Feb. 20, 2862?
His son, Willie, died of Typhoid Fever
What was the name of the Confederacy's 1st ironclad ship?
What was the name of the Union's 1st ironclad ship?
How did the Monitor & Merrimack effect the navies of the rest of the world?
the other navies became obsolete
In what state is Shiloh?
How was General Albert Sidney Johnston killed?
he died leading a charge
How many casualties suffered at Shiloh?
The name "Shiloh" comes from the Hebrew words meaning place of _______
Why did Gen. McClellan refuse to attack Richmond?
he was overly cautious
What European country considered calling for a negotiated settlement to end the Civil War?
What "new tactic" did Lincoln realize was necessary to keep England & France from recognizing the independence of the Confederacy?
he was going to expose the brutality of slavery
When Gen. Johnston was shot, who took over as the overall commander of the Confederate Army?
Robert E Lee
Who won the second battle of Bull Run (Manassas)?
Casualties at second Bull Run were how many times greater than at the first battle of Bull Run?
On August 22, 1862, what did Lincoln state as his goal in the war?
preserving the Union
In an effort to get one more victory & force Europe to recognize the Confederacy, Lee led his troops into _________
How did McClellan find out about Lee's battle plan?
It fell out of his pocket when he was sleeping
Sharpsburg & Anietam creek are how many miles from Washington DC?
approximately 70 miles
The Union had the advantage at Sharpsburg, McClellan had brought superior forces, but he had also brought _______
The battle of Antietam was really the ________ battle.
single, bloodiest battle
In the first battle of Antietam the 12th Massachusetts regiment lost how many of their original 334 men?
Between 6:00 am & 10:00 am how many men were dead or wounded?
What was the nickname given to the sunken road?
How many georgians defended the stone bridge?
Although no ground was gained at Antietam, it was the bloodiest day in American history. The Union suffered 12,400 casualties; twice the number of casualties suffered at what World War II Battle?
Although Lee's army lost only 10,318 casualties, that number represented what fraction of his army?
Lincoln came to Sharpsburg to personally order McClellan to pursue Lee's retreating army. When McClellan delayed 19 more days, what did Lincoln decide to do?
he gets relieved/ replaced by Ambrose Burnside
The famous Civil War photographer who published photos of the dead of Antietam was _______ _____.
Whom did Lincoln reinstate to field command?
What did Jefferson Davis call the "nail that holds the confederacy together"?
On Sept. 22, 1862 Lincoln announced the preliminary emancipation of the slaves, but only in areas still controlled by the ______.
The Emancipation Proclamation went into effect when?
Jan 1, 1863
The Confederacy only stayed alive because of the genius of its _______ ____________
high command (Robert E. Lee)
How long did the men of the Army of the Potomac go without pay?
What was the chief killer of the Civil War, which killed 2 for every one who died in battle?
Before he could attack Fredricksburg, General Burnside had to wait 17 days for
pontoon bridges to arrive
By the time Burnside's pontoon bridges arrived, there were how many Confederate troops waiting for him across the river?
On December 13th the Union Army attacked at ______ ______
How many Union assaults were beaten back before General Burnside gave up?
Who said, "It is well that war is so terrible, or we would grow too fond of it"?
Robert E. Lee
What did General Stonewall Jackson say when asked "How are we going to put an end to all this?"
"Kill them, kill them all."
According to the Confederate soldiers, where did the name "Tullahoma" come from?
the greek word "tulla" (mud) & "homa" (more mud)
What General replaced general Burnside after the tragedy at Fredricksburg?
What was the name of the forest near Chancellorsville?
Lee divided his forces, leaving only ____ of his men to defend Fredricksburg, while he moved on to Chancellorsville.
What was the major fault in Lee's plan of attack at Chancellorsville?
The attack was very late in the day.
Who lost his left arm at Chancellorsville?
Why was Chancellorsville called "Lee's most costly victory"?
13,000 of his men were dead or out of action. Also, Stonewall Jackson died.
What did Stonewall Jackson die of?
What was the "key" to Union victory?
What was Grant's daring plan to take Vicksburg?
March down river, come up from behind and attack the city
Grant and his armies marched ____ miles & fought ___ battles before surrounding Vicksburg.
Jefferson Davis wanted Lee to help relive the siege of Vicksburg, but Lee had a bolder plan. His plan was to invade __________.
the north, into Pennsylvania
When Lee matched toward Pennsylvania, the new Union commander, General _________ followed Lee, staying between him and Washington DC.
What did the Confederates do when they captured free blacks in Pennsylvania?
they sent them south into slavery
According to the film (and legend) the battle of Gettysburg began as a battle over what?
Which army held the higher ground at Gettysburg?
The Union Army
What were the names of the main hills at Gettysburg that the Union Army held?
Cope's Hill & Cemetery Hill
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain led 360 men from which state?
In one and a half hours, how many of Chamberlain's men fell?
Of the 262 men in one Minnesota regiment ___% were lost in less than five minutes.
Company F of the 6th North Carolina lost ____% of its men.
Which Confederate General questioned Lee's determination to attack Union forces at Gettysburg?
Whose charge up Cemetery Ridge was a big mistake?
George Pickett (Pickett's Charge)
How many men charged the stone wall during Pickett's charge?
What did Lee say after the disaster at Cemetery ridge?
that it was all his fault
What did General Pickett say when told to rally his division for a possible Union counter-attack?
he had no division left
How long was the wagon rain carrying wounded back to Virginia?
17 miles long
Who won the battle of Gettysburg?
Of the 960 soldiers in the 14th tennessee Regiment in 1861, how many survived the battle of Gettysburg's the 3rd day?
What day did Vicksburg surrender?
July 4, 1863
How many days did the siege of Vicksburg last?
How many years went by before the city of Vicksburg celebrated the 4th of July?
What Union General became a hero after victories at Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson?
What battle occurred in Tennessee that Albert Sidney Johnson was killed at?
What Confederate General kept one arm raised to "keep his balance" and once marched over 400 miles in one month?
What battle is considered the first victory for the North in the east?
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