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Terms in this set (40)
What three parts is the Constitution divided into?
Preamble, Articles, and Amendments.
What is the Preamble?
The Preamble is the introduction to Constitution and and states 6 goals for establishing it.
What is a Republic?
A Republic is a form of government where citizens rule themselves through elected representatives.
What is Popular Sovereignty?
Power of the government rests with the people.
What are the branches of government?
Executive, Judicial, and Legislative.
What is the central idea behind the branches?
To ensure equality, safeguard against corruption, and prevent any one branch from having more power than another.
What is the Legislative Branch?
The Legislative Branch is called the Congress.
What two parts make up the Congress?
The House of Representatives and Senate make up the Congress.
What is the major duty and definition of the Legislative Branch?
It is to make and pass laws.
What are the two houses of Congress based upon? (for population)
According to the Great Compromise, there are two houses of Congress-the House of Representatives based on population and the Senate which has equal representation.
How are both parts of Congress elected?
Both Representatives and senators are elected directly by the citizens.
How long do Representatives in the House of Representatives serve?
They serve for 2 years.
How long do the members of the Senate serve?
The members of the Senate serve 6 year terms which are staggered every 2 years so that ⅓ of the Senate seats are up for election every 2 years. The continuous body ensures stability.
What does the Senate have the power to do?
The Senate has the power to approve Presidential appointments and treaties
What are the stated powers of Congress?
Stated powers of Congress- can raise taxes (house), borrow and coin money, declare war, pass copyright and patent law
What are the two titles of the President?
The President of the United States is the Chief Executive and the head of the Executive Branch of government.
What are the two major duties of the executive branch?
The 2 major duties of the Executive Branch are to execute laws and to direct and to direct or manage the work of the government.
Who is the head of the Judicial Branch?
The Supreme Court is the head of the Judicial Branch.
What is the duty of the Supreme Court?
The Duty of the Supreme Court is to interpret the Constitution and the laws passed under it. This means they can declare laws as unconstitutional.
How many Amendments are there?
There are currently 27 amendments; 1-10 are called the Bill of Rights.
What is impeachment?
The accusing or charging of a public official with misconduct so that they may be removed from office if found guilty; House has sole power to impeach and the Senate acts as the jury-decides innocence or guilt.
What is a bill?
A proposed law or an idea for a law presented to Congress in hopes that it will be passed and become a law. Revenue bills are money bills and must start in the House of Representatives.
How does a bill become a law?
A bill is introduced in the House or Senate. It is debated and voted on. If passed, it goes to the other house of Congress to be voted on. The common bill is then approved by both the House and Senate. It then goes to the president to be signed.
What are the President's powers in regards to a bill, and how can Congress work with them?
The president may sign, veto or hold a bill. Congress may override the President's veto by a ⅔ vote of each house.
What is the Elastic Clause of Congress?
Gives Congress the power to make laws as needed to carry out stated powers.
How is a president elected?
Voters don't directly elect the President. Electors are chosen who support a specific candidate. Each state has as many electors as it has senators and representatives.
What does a president need to get elected?
The President is elected if he/she gets the majority of the Electoral votes.
What is a requirement to become a President?
The President must be a natural born citizen of the United States.
What are the Powers of the President?
Commander in chief, create a cabinet with the approval of the Senate, make treaties with Senate approval, and appoint judges and justices with Senate approval, the power to lead the military, and with the approval of Congress, declare war.
What is a judicial review?
Supreme Court interprets the meaning of the Constitution and the laws passed under it.
What are the 3 federal courts, highest to lowest?
The three federal court levels from highest to lowest are Supreme, Appellate, and District. All court cases begin at the district level.
What does to amend mean?
To change or update. All amendments to the Constitution must be proposed by a ⅔ vote of both houses of Congress and ratified by ¾ of states.
What is the constitution?
The Constitution shall be the premier law of the land. It is a living document that can be changed.
What are the first amendment freedoms?
Speech, Religion, Assembly, Press and Petition.
What does is the bill of rights?
The Bill of Rights addresses the right of the American people and states.
What are the amendments that deal with right to vote?
15th, 19th, and 26th
What are the responsibilities of American citizens?
Serving on juries, paying taxes, obeying the law, and defending the country.
What is the Illinois state lawmaking body called and who is the Chief Executive of Illinois?
The Illinois state lawmaking body is called the General Assembly and the Chief Executive of Illinois is called the Governor.
What powers does the state of Illinois have?
The 10th amendment states that powers not given to the federal government belong to the individual states. The state of Illinois has the ability to make laws specifically for the state.
What are the three Illinois state court levels in order from lowest to highest?
Circuit, Appellate, Supreme.
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