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Influenza vs. Common Cold
Terms in this set (16)
Influenza is caused by...
Caused by an RNA virus.
Common Cold is caused by...
Caused by around 200 viruses, with about half being caused by Rhinoviruses.
Influenza is spread by...
Spread in the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks. More severe than Common Cold.
Common Cold is spread by...
Spread by breathing in virus-containing droplets, that have been coughed or sneezed into the atmosphere. The virus can also be picked up from hand-to-hand contact or from articles such as hand towels.
Can be distinguished from a cold by sudden fever, prostration, weakness, cough, and sometimes severe muscle aches and pain.
Common Cold Symptoms
Symptoms develop more gradually than Common Cold, and include: sneezes and sniffles, which rarely involve the whole body.
Common Cold and Influenza Symptoms are...
Have similar symptoms, CDC recommends that people get tested when the illness initially sets in to distinguish Influenza from Common Cold
Most common test to diagnose Influenza...
Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Tests
2 Antiviral drugs effective against most strains of Type A Influenza
Amantadine and Rimantadine
2 Antiviral drugs effective against types A and B Influenza
Zanamivir and Oseltamivir
Common Cold symptoms are normally treated with...
Antipyretic and Analgesic drugs
Prevention of Influenza and Common Cold includes...
Washing hand your hands, keeping your nose and mouth covered when coughing and sneezing, and receiving yearly immunizations for influenza.
Influenza is _____________ contagious.
Common Colds are more common in....
the winter, presumably because people are more likely to be indoors, and in close contact with others.
Influenza is also called...
Common Cold is also called...
This set is often in folders with...
EPI 817 Basic Vocab
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