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Genre and Character
Terms in this set (47)
An extended metaphor, whether in prose or verse, in which characters and objects hold both a literal meaning as well as a secondary, implied meaning through the careful use of specific symbols. Usually this secondary meaning offers relevant commentary on contemporary social, political, or religious issues.
A direct address to an absent person, inanimate object, or abstract ideal as though expecting a reply.
A universal symbolic form, such as a figure, plot action, motif, object or pattern of behavior developed in a literary work or a fairytale that reappears in similar manifestations in other stories, myths and legends of cultures throughout the world and across time.
A repetition of vowel sounds, initially and/or within a word.
A person who appears, or is referred to, in a work of literature. A character described in detail and/or who changes over the course of the work is usually referred to as "round" or "dynamic". A "flat" or "static" character is generally one-dimensional, and changes little over time. Character can also refer to an individual's moral, social, or ethical qualities (e.g., good/bad).
A literary device that authors use to deliver details about a character's personality in a story. It serves to create an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic.
direct statements an author makes about a character's personality and intentions
details that enable readers to infer what is not directly stated.
A term describing a movement in literature that has its beginnings in 19th- century Symbolist-Romantic poets in France, such as Charles Baudelaire. This literature and poetry is characterized by a fascination with the morbid and macabre and emanates from the belief that life is meaningless.
A regional or local variation of a language, complete with unique idioms and pronunciations.
A conversation between two or more characters as a feature of a book, play, or film. It reveals character and advances the action.
A specific genre of fiction represented through performance. Dramatic works tell a story, usually of human conflict, by means of dialogue and action, to be performed by actors.
A poetic form in which a speaker addresses an implied listener, and in which the reader perceives a gap between what the speaker says speaker says and what the speaker actually reveals.
A society real or imagined in a repressive and controlled state, often depicted under the guise of being utopian.
A poem that reflects on the death of a person. Traditionally explores several stages of loss, including a lament, followed by praise of the dead individual, and finishing with consolation.
A long narrative poem, usually of oral origin, that recounts the larger-than-life deeds of a great hero, who is often of divine descent. Usually contains elevated style and sophisticated language.
A movement in art and literature that had its roots in Germany in the 1910s with the work of Swedish playwright August Strindberg. Unifying features included rebellion against artistic and social conventions of the day, and bold innovation. The overall aim of Expressionism was to offer a total spiritual renewal by confronting the darkest aspects of reality.
A short story or folk tale, often with a specific moral outcome intended to instruct the audience.
Stories either created or strongly influenced by oral traditions. The plots often feature stark conflicts between good and evil, with magic and luck determining the usually happy endings.
A type of story that includes elements of magic in plot, setting, or theme. The story's main characters may or may not enter the fantasy world from the real world.
Literary works, most often prose narrative, that are imaginative rather than factual.
A story told from the viewpoint of a character writing or speaking directly about themselves and their first hand experiences. It uses first-person pronouns (I or we) to provide an account of an event. The story, therefore, is colored by the narrator's views and personality.
A character who shows qualities that contrasts with another character. The objective is to highlight particular character traits in the other character, usually the protagonist. Often a secondary character who contrasts with the major character to enhance their importance.
can be divided into its two component words, folk and lore. Folklore is thus all the lore shared by a particular folk
A traditional prose narrative that conveys a story originating in popular culture, typically circulated and preserved orally.
A literary technique, whereby a main narrative is presented, at least in part, for the purpose of setting the stage for a second narrative embedded in it. The frame story leads readers from a first story into another, smaller one (or several ones) within it.
a type or category that a written work can be classified under because it shares the same general characteristics as others of that type (i.e., poetry, fiction, hymn, scientific writing, sermon, drama, and so on).
An artistic style characterized by melodrama, terror, madness, and irony. Southern Gothic, a specific type of the Gothic, is unique to American literature and includes elements of the "grotesque," deeply flawed and repulsive characters or situations.
A literary device used to describe aspects of fictional characters where normal features and/or behaviors are manifested by distortions expressed in extremes that are meant to be frightening and/or disturbingly comic. These characters may induce both disgust and empathy.
A usually fictional story handed down over time, often involving some supernatural elements. Legends can be used to explain some element of culture or history, such as a natural phenomenon, or detail the rise of a famous person.
Characterized by remote settings that sometime take on the role of a character in a story. The narrator is often an educated observer from the world beyond who serves as mediator between the rural folk of the tale and the urban audience to whom the tale is directed. Often very little "happens," but they contain lots of storytelling that revolves around the local community and its unique rituals.
A style of literature where fantastical and magical elements are melded within a realistic narrative. These magical elements are explained like normal occurrences using matter-of-fact tone which allows the "fantastic" to be accepted along with "the real" in the same stream of thought.
A cultural and artistic movement after World War I characterized by disillusionment with the past and a rampant desire to, in the words of Ezra Pound, "make it new."
A collection of traditional narratives that are passed down through various textual and visual sources and that convey commonly held beliefs in a particular society about natural phenomena, historical events, and proper behavior.
A style of literature written at the turn of the 20th-century that espouses objective observation of humans from a detached, scientific perspective. Naturalism is often described as the representation of the negative forces of real life, and fiction in this literary sub-genre is often populated with characters whose relationship with their surroundings is especially difficult or challenging.
A short, memorable, and often highly condensed saying with bold imagery that embodies some fact, belief or experience held in common by a group.
A literary style predominantly found in the latter part of the 19th century that attempted to provide an accurate, objective portrayal of life without embellishment.
A broad cultural movement of the 19th century that developed as a reaction to the rationalism of the Enlightenment. The Romantics prized the imagination as the supreme faculty and championed the use of intuition as well as emotion railing against the imperatives of a society they saw as corrupt and deceitful.
A story or argument that brings folly to light through the use of sarcasm and wit.
The location (time and place) of a story's action.
A dramatic technique reveals the inner working of the character to the audience or reader. It is used not only to convey the development of the play but also to provide an opportunity to see inside the mind of a certain character.
An offshoot of Romanticism that originated with a group of French poets in the late 19th century and spread across the arts. Formed as a reaction against Realism, Symbolism centered on individual emotional experience and a belief that truth could be obtained through the poet's rendering of individually significant symbols in metaphorical language.
A story that ends in misfortune or disaster for the main character. In classic Greek drama, tragedy is the opposite of comedy.
American literary movement that believed in transcending the materialistic world of sensory experience and becoming conscious of the spirit of the universe, which could be found by looking into one's own soul.
A society real or imagined thought to exemplify the ideal and operate in a state of perfection
The term used to delineate the literature, art, and culture during the reign of Queen Victoria during the latter two-thirds of the 19th century. Born in 1819, she ascended to the throne in 1837 and reigned until her death in 1901.
A type of comedy in which ridiculous and often stereotyped characters are involved in silly far-fetched situations.
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N/A - Group Activity
Two principles of the philosophy of naturalism are that (1) the universe is indifferent to human beings and (2) people are at the mercy of forces over which they have little control. How are these principles illustrated in “To Build a Fire”? Use examples from the story to support your answer.
How might the graph of battleship curves change in the years ahead?
Reread lines 465–482. Has Mattie gotten over her grief by the end of the story? Cite evidence to support your conclusion.